History

The first steps of Sweden in the space field occured in the early 60's. At that time, several rocket launch campaigns were conducted to study the so-called "noctilucents clouds" from Kronogard located in the north part of the country.

Alongside these pionnering efforts and consistent with the initial experience of other European countries, in 1962 was created the European Space Research Organization (ESRO) forerunner of the current European Space Agency (ESA). The first initiative undertaken was the establishment of a sounding rocket research programme, which needed a permanent facility to perform the launches.

After excluding other locations such as Salto di Quirra (Sardinia), Narssarssuaq (Greenland) and Andoya (Norway), the final choice was for a desolate landscape in the Swedish Laponian area close to the Arctic Circle and a few kilometres west from the small town of Kiruna. The site was baptized ESRANGE (acronym for European Space Range).

Launch from Esrange The construction work started in 1962, and was not finished until 1966, the year of its formal inauguration. The first rocket was launched from there a year later, starting the regular activity involving scientists from several countries.

In early seventies ESRO was engaged in the construction of a space centre in Kourou, French Guiana casting a shadow of doubt about ESRANGE's future. In a risky and bold move, between 1971 and 1972, after assuming that was not profitable to "reconvert" the center for other purposes (its transformation into a tourist destination, or to use it as a clinic for the treatment of alcoholics, among other possibilities), the Swedish government take over the operation of the facility, creating for this purpose the Swedish Space Corporation (SSC).

During the early years in Swedish hands, was clear that would be difficult the maintainance and updating of the base, so in 1973 was decided to diversify their activities first trying to establish a satellite tracking station and second offering the facilities to the international scientific community to launch stratospheric balloons. Its privileged position is ideal to carry out circumpolar balloon flights to send complex scientific experiments to study the different atmospheric variables of the Arctic.

Despite that previously had been made some isolated balloon flights, between January and March 1974, took place the first organized balloon launch campaign. It was called SAMBO 1 and involved the coordinated participation of the French space agency CNES and his Russian counterpart of IZMIRAN. The aim of the initiative was to make stratospheric measurements of the spectrum of auroral X-ray emission at high latitudes.

To this succesfull campaign followed in subsequent years several more in collaboration with Universities and Scientific Centres of various countries. At the same time to allow a greater flight duration, agreements have been signed to allow the overflight, landing and recovery of gondolas in neighbouring countries such as Finland, Norway and Russia. Recently was added too the choice to perform transatlantic flights to Canada as well.

So, after more than 30 years of activity in the scientific ballooning field, and with 550 launches in their record, ESRANGE had become the most important stratospheric balloon launch base of Europe. Several campaigns performed there in the past had a duration of several months and involved up to 40 launches each.

Main features of the site

The geographic location of Esrange, at 67 deg 56 min N and 21 deg 4 min E, offers several unique advantages for launching of stratospheric balloons:

- the location is excellent from a scientific point of view, for experiments related to auroral research, astrophysics and other high latitude phenomena as the ozone depletion in the atmosphere, validation of polar orbiting satellite experiment

- testing of space systems including drop tests of free falling objects can be performed in the Esrange impact area for sounding rockets,

- a vast area covering the northern parts of Finland, Norway, Russia, Canada, Alaska and Sweden is available for land recovery of experiments,

On regards the winds regime balloons launched during the winter period can be easily injected into the polar vortex. The predominating stratospheric winds are rather strong from W to NW which gives 2-5 hours of ceiling time and with recovery of the payloads either in Finland or Russia.

During the summer period from mid May to mid July the strtospheric winds are very stable from the east, which makes that period very suitable for medium to Long Duration Balloon (LDB) flights including Transatlantic flights. During this period the latitude excursions are not expected to exceed +/-3°.

Finally during the turn-around periods in late April and early May and second half of August the stratospheric winds are very low and irregular which means that the payloads can be within the range of the base up to 3 days.

Infrastructure

Note: in this section we will be refering only to the specific infrastructure to launch balloons.

Initially the base had an asphalt launch area pear shaped about 400 meters long and 250 meters wide, situated about 150 m south of the base's Main Building.

In Summer, 2004 a major extension of the entire launch field was done so today the total launch pad area is 250.000 square meters as can be seen in the image at left (click to enlarge). It was modified to allow launching balloons in different directions, divided into six runways acting as corridors near 200 meters in length, aligned with the common direction of the prevailing winds in differents seasons of the year. The entire launch field is covered with fine gravel and at its center lies a cavity containing electrical power, ground cables, public address loudspeakers, and a telephone line.

This expansion is directly related to an agreement signed with NASA, by which in 2005 the American agency began to use the site in summer to launch stratospheric balloons in transatlantic flight. The balloons after release, reach float altitude and are caught in the westward streams flying over Sweden, Norway and then crossing the North Atlantic Ocean. When the balloon reach the northamerican continent the flights are terminated in northwestern Canada.

The increasing of the launch capabilities lead to the acquisition in 2004 of a new launch vehicle which was built by a local company in Kiruna. The 40 Tons. Volvo truck was nicknamed "Hercules" and replaced the old crane formely used to hold the bigger payloads. With a highly manouvering arm the truck allow to manage in a much more efficient way larger payloads (up to 6000 lbs) so along with the enlarged launch pad the facility can launch balloons up to 1.000.000 cubic meters of volume, the bigger standard balloon in use today. At right we can see the new vehicle in action while holding the BLAST telescope during a rehearsal of the first transatlantic launch in 2005 (click to enlarge).

Located on the north side of the balloon pad, there are three large buildings for balloon and payload preparations.

The first building known as "Cathedral" have a payload preparation area of 300 square meters with a ceiling of 7 meters and an overhead traveling crane, with a lifting capability of 3.2 Tons. The area floor is heated and vented to allow a confortable temperature and prevent dust accumulation. The back of the building is a two floor office area to be used by scientific teams during campaigns.

The second building nicknamed "Chapel" have a balloon payload assembly hall near 100 square meters with additional storage and two offices. It is equipped with an overhead crane of 1 Ton. which can be extended 2 m outside the entrance door. A 30 square meters area is used as storage for launch support equipment. One room in the Chapel is used as a preparation room for EBASS, the SSC telemetry and telecommand system for support of balloon flights.

The third building is known the "Basilica" and is designed for preparation of the flight train. The main assembly hall is 308 square meters equipped with a crane with a 1 Ton. lifting capability. The front part of the building is a two floor area with an office and an Operation Balloon Center on the second floor, used only during count down and the launch phase.

A fourth large building is located near the "Basilica" and is used for storage during balloon campaigns and also houses the launch vehicle "Hercules".

Due to increased demand for launch services in last years, SSC decided in 2010, to start the construction of another building for integration of rocket and balloon payloads. This new building was built close to the existing facilities in the balloon launch pad area and counts with an area of 795 square meters. It was inaugurated in May 2011.

The base also counts with mechanical and carpentry workshops, and several laboratories including chemical, biological, electronic and a clean room area.

On regard communications and telemetry systems, today, ESRANGE have two choices: EBASS and E-Link. In 1998 SSC and DLR decided to develope a Telemetry/Telecommand (TM/TC) service system for stratospheric balloons. To reduce developing costs the new design was based on DLR's MFB (Multi Function Board) which is in use on Maser sounding rockets and on the Express satellite. The system was named EBASS (Esrange Balloon Service System) and includes all necessary functions to perform GPS position determination, cut-down on command and cut-down by timers, top valve and ballast machine operations for balloon piloting. It counts with a transmiter/receiver system based on FM with a nominal data bandwidth of 38.4 kbps and a serial interface. With an output power of 2.5 W it was developed in two versions: a light one weighting 17 kg and the heavy one nearing 30 kg. Total operation time is near 60 hours and until today it was worked flawlessly in more than 45 missions.

On the other hand E-Link (Esrange Airborne Data Link) is a telemetry system that offers a simplified interface based on standard Ethernet architecture. It can handle TCP/IP and UDP/IP communication with high bandwidth across long distances. The system handles also other types of synchronous and asynchronous user interfaces. E-Link was qualified recently and works on S-Band with a maximum output power of 10w and a duplex data bandwith of up to 2Mbps. It weights 11 kg (including batteries) and have a nominal operation time of near 12 hours.

In the case that the balloon mission involves the drop of test vehicles and probes, the base counts with a a vast restricted impact area on land (5200 square kilometers) originally created for sounding rockets, but also available in such cases. Also a second launch area -under ESRANGE's control too- is located at the airport in the nearby town of Kiruna. It consists of a giant hangar used to house scientific planes which are involved in Arctic research at ESRANGE. The site called "Arena Arctica", has sometimes been used for inflation and subsequent launching of small superpressure stratospheric balloons as we see in the picture at right.

Web site: Swedish Space Corporation - ESRANGE http://www.ssc.se/

Balloons launched from Arena Arctica

DateHourFlight DurationExperimentPayload landing place or cause of the faiulre
1/21/199915:44---LABS (Laser Backscatter Sonde)--- No Data ---
2/8/199912.25---LABS (Laser Backscatter Sonde)--- No Data ---
2/8/199914.16---LABS (Laser Backscatter Sonde)--- No Data ---


Balloons launched from ESRANGE

DateHourFlight DurationExperimentPayload landing place or cause of the faiulre
11/23/198220:59 utc6 hX-RAY TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
12/9/198217:15 utc4 h 30 mX-RAY TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
9/18/198507:46:22---PIROG 1A (Pointing InfraRed Observing Gondola)--- No Data ---
8/??/1986 ---PIROG 1B (Pointing InfraRed Observing Gondola)--- No Data ---
8/??/1987 ---PIROG 2 (Pointing InfraRed Observing Gondola)--- No Data ---
4/12/198801:04:00---MIKROBA (MIKRO-g with Ballon drop capsule)--- No Data ---
9/1/198801:33:00---PIROG 3 (Pointing InfraRed Observing Gondola)--- No Data ---
1/19/199014:30 utc---ELHYSA (Etude de L'Hygromérie Stratosphérique)--- No Data ---
1/26/199014:10 utc---ELHYSA (Etude de L'Hygromérie Stratosphérique)--- No Data ---
5/22/199002:16:41---PIROG 4 (Pointing InfraRed Observing Gondola)The gondola landed practically undamaged in a swamp a few hundred meters from the launch pad.
5/23/199002:48:55---MIKROBA (MIKRO-g with Ballon drop capsule)--- No Data ---
8/27/19902:43---PIROG 5 (Pointing InfraRed Observing Gondola)Shootdown by soviet fighters near the Finish-Russian border.
1/18/199105:30:25---STRAFAM 3 (Stratosphaeren-Fallschirm-Massenspektrometer)--- No Data ---
1/22/199107:50:20---STRAFAM 3 (Stratosphaeren-Fallschirm-Massenspektrometer)--- No Data ---
1/26/199115:56:25---STRAFAM 3 (Stratosphaeren-Fallschirm-Massenspektrometer)--- No Data ---
1/26/199119:26:20---STRAFAM 3 (Stratosphaeren-Fallschirm-Massenspektrometer)--- No Data ---
2/4/199117:07:26---STRAFAM 3 (Stratosphaeren-Fallschirm-Massenspektrometer)--- No Data ---
2/6/199116:44:02---STRAFAM 3 (Stratosphaeren-Fallschirm-Massenspektrometer)--- No Data ---
8/30/199104:02:02---PIROG 6 (Pointing InfraRed Observing Gondola)--- No Data ---
11/20/199114:10 utc---ELHYSA (Etude de L'Hygromérie Stratosphérique)--- No Data ---
11/25/199110:14:02---SAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale)--- No Data ---
11/28/199110:08:46---SAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale)--- No Data ---
12/4/199114:00 utc---ELHYSA (Etude de L'Hygromérie Stratosphérique)--- No Data ---
12/11/199115:10 utc---ELHYSA (Etude de L'Hygromérie Stratosphérique)--- No Data ---
12/13/199110:35:16---SAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale)--- No Data ---
1/9/199210:28:18---SAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale)--- No Data ---
1/13/199200:14 utc---MIPAS-B1 (Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding - Balloonborne)--- No Data ---
1/13/199211:19:40---SAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale)--- No Data ---
1/16/199211:08:45---SAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale)--- No Data ---
1/23/1992 ---SAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale)--- No Data ---
1/27/199208:21:00---RADIBAL + BALLAD + BOCCAD--- No Data ---
1/30/199212:11:37---SAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale)--- No Data ---
1/31/199215:32 utc---ELHYSA (Etude de L'Hygromérie Stratosphérique)--- No Data ---
2/9/199200:59 utc---ELHYSA (Etude de L'Hygromérie Stratosphérique)--- No Data ---
2/10/199212:33:26---SAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale)--- No Data ---
2/12/199210:49:40---RADIBAL + BALLAD + BOCCAD--- No Data ---
2/13/199211:18:32---ACIMS (Active Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometry)--- No Data ---
3/10/199203:08:02---SAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale)--- No Data ---
3/10/199215:55 utc---ELHYSA (Etude de L'Hygromérie Stratosphérique)--- No Data ---
3/14/199219:51 utc---MIPAS-B1 (Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding - Balloonborne)Free fall from 32 km on a frozen lake near Nikel, Russia. Instrument destroyed.
3/14/199214:23---LPMA (Limb Profile Monitor of the Atmosphere)--- No Data ---
3/19/199214:42:36---SAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale)--- No Data ---
3/20/199217:22 utc---ELHYSA (Etude de L'Hygromérie Stratosphérique)--- No Data ---
2/8/199305:54:36---STRAFAM 3 (Stratosphaeren-Fallschirm-Massenspektrometer)--- No Data ---
2/10/199306:00:11---STRAFAM 3 (Stratosphaeren-Fallschirm-Massenspektrometer)--- No Data ---
2/18/199310:03:05---STRAFAM 3 (Stratosphaeren-Fallschirm-Massenspektrometer)--- No Data ---
11/23/199308:31:17---TECHNOLOGICAL FLIGHT--- No Data ---
1/21/199407:41:002 h 49 mOPENING FLIGHT--- No Data ---
1/25/199408:41:0022 mRADIBAL + BALLAD--- No Data ---
1/31/199412:06:002 h 30 mSAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale)--- No Data ---
2/1/19947:593 h 55 mTRIPLE (BONBON)--- No Data ---
2/2/199407:25:503 h 5 mRADIBAL (RADIomètre BALlon)--- No Data ---
2/5/199412:23:002 h 32 mSAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale)--- No Data ---
2/8/199409:23:004 h 11 mRADIBAL + BALLAD + BOCCAD--- No Data ---
2/9/19947:542 h 42 m???????????? + Dual-beam In-Situ UV-Absorption Ozone Photometer--- No Data ---
2/10/199412:43:002 h 17 mSAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale)--- No Data ---
1/21/199520:38:00---PAYLOAD UNKNOWN--- No Data ---
1/23/199515:513 h 42 mELHYSA (Etude de L'Hygromérie Stratosphérique)--- No Data ---
1/27/199508:17:204 h 34 mASTRID--- No Data ---
1/28/199510:37:204 h 32 mPAYLOAD UNKNOWN--- No Data ---
1/30/199516:43:001 h 42 mPAYLOAD UNKNOWN--- No Data ---
2/3/199517:33---CAO DESHLER--- No Data ---
2/3/19955:592 h 55 mTRIPLE (BONBON + Dual-beam In-Situ UV-Absorption Ozone Photometer)between Oulu and Helsinki in Finland.
2/10/199520:12 utc4 h 3 mAMON (Absorption de Minoritaires, Ozone et NOx)--- No Data ---
2/11/199517:34 utc6 h 28 mMIPAS-B2 (Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding - Balloonborne)--- No Data ---
2/11/199509:24:002 h 54 mOZONOXY--- No Data ---
2/13/199515:30 utc5 hELHYSA (Etude de L'Hygromérie Stratosphérique)--- No Data ---
2/14/199511:23:0031 mLPMA (Limb Profile Monitor of the Atmosphere)--- No Data ---
3/2/199512:10:004 h 21 mRADIBAL + BALLAD + BOCCAD--- No Data ---
3/3/199512:56:252 h 14 mLPMA (Limb Profile Monitor of the Atmosphere)--- No Data ---
3/6/199514:15:002 h 15 mSAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale)--- No Data ---
3/6/199508:12:302 h 46 mCLO-BRO MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
3/7/199516:21 utc3 h 56 mBABOGAS--- No Data ---
3/8/199508:28:002 h 57 mASTRID--- No Data ---
3/20/199515:52 utc3 h 57 mELHYSA (Etude de L'Hygromérie Stratosphérique)--- No Data ---
3/20/199522:55:004 h 56 mBAMAS--- No Data ---
3/21/199520:51 utc7 h 8 mMIPAS-B2 (Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding - Balloonborne)--- No Data ---
3/21/199515:12:002 h 20 mSAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale)--- No Data ---
3/22/199514:31:003 h 2 mLPMA (Limb Profile Monitor of the Atmosphere) + CAESR--- No Data ---
3/24/199515:59:301 h 26 mCRANE LAUNCH SYSTEM TEST FLIGHT--- No Data ---
5/12/199518:322 h 55 mSAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale)--- No Data ---
5/14/19956:522 h 19 mHUYGENS SM2--- No Data ---
5/22/199519:43:003 h 41 mSAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale)--- No Data ---
8/19/199609:44:0040 h 20 mINTERBOA--- No Data ---
8/24/199609:43:0042 h 18 mINTERBOA--- No Data ---
8/27/199619:46:0025 h 5 mINTERBOA--- No Data ---
2/2/199710:271 h 54 mOPENING FLIGHT--- No Data ---
2/9/19977:303 h 49 mRADIBAL (RADIomètre BALlon)--- No Data ---
2/10/199719:25 utc3 h 40 mMIPAS-B2 (Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding - Balloonborne)--- No Data ---
2/10/199712:51---WATER VAPOUR MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
2/10/19979:112 hCRYOGENIC AIR SAMPLER--- No Data ---
2/11/19979:252 h 51 mTRIPLE--- No Data ---
2/14/199712:122 h 50 mLPMA (Limb Profile Monitor of the Atmosphere) + DOAS--- No Data ---
2/14/199719:402 h 5 mELHYSA (Etude de L'Hygromérie Stratosphérique)--- No Data ---
2/22/19979:033 h 7 mSAKURA (Cryogenic sampler)--- No Data ---
2/23/199719:49---Optical Particle Counter--- No Data ---
2/24/199712:452 h 46 mSAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale) + SAOZ-BrO--- No Data ---
2/24/199718:0313 dSAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale)In Greenland.
2/25/19979:162 hCRYOGENIC AIR SAMPLER--- No Data ---
2/25/1997 ---WATER VAPOUR MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
2/26/199712:503 hLPMA (Limb Profile Monitor of the Atmosphere) + CAESR--- No Data ---
2/26/199718:58 utc3 h 37 mAMON (Absorption de Minoritaires, Ozone et NOx)--- No Data ---
2/28/199713:452 h 10 mSAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale)--- No Data ---
3/17/199720:5021 d & 3 hSAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale)Near Trondheim, Norway
3/18/199714:452 h 35 mSAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale) + DESCARTES--- No Data ---
3/18/19977:263 h 30 mSAKURA (Cryogenic sampler) / DESCARTES--- No Data ---
3/20/199715:002 h 20 mSAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale) + SAOZ-BrO--- No Data ---
3/21/199714:322 h 35 mLPMA (Limb Profile Monitor of the Atmosphere) + CAESR--- No Data ---
3/24/199717:30 utc3 hMIPAS-B2 (Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding - Balloonborne)--- No Data ---
4/28/199711:55---TEST FLIGHT--- No Data ---
5/1/199710:30---OZONE SAMPLER--- No Data ---
8/16/19978:17---OZONE SAMPLER--- No Data ---
1/24/199817:18---MPI BACKSCATTER--- No Data ---
1/25/199800:253 h 37 mAEROSOLS ANALYSIS AND POLAR STRATOSPHERIC CLOUDS--- No Data ---
5/10/199804:24:10---CRYOGENIC AIR COLLECTOR--- No Data ---
8/3/199808:42:00---BACKDOOR SYSTEM TEST--- No Data ---
8/7/199817:542 hPARACHUTE TEST--- No Data ---
8/10/199819:464 h 43 mELHYSA (Etude de L'Hygromérie Stratosphérique)--- No Data ---
8/11/199817:598 h 25 mSAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale)--- No Data ---
8/15/19986:381 h 52 mORION parachute system testNear launch site.
8/19/199815.4712 h 46 mLPMA (Limb Profile Monitor of the Atmosphere) + DOAS--- No Data ---
8/25/199813.5338 h 38 mINTERBOA--- No Data ---
8/25/199820:041 h 30 mSKERRIESnear the Tsåkso mountain in the N part of Sweden.
8/28/199816.3910 h 32 mSAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale) + SAOZ-BrO--- No Data ---
8/29/199817.4445 hINTERBOA--- No Data ---
12/8/199816.13~ 2 hSKERRIESNear the villiage of Kompelusvaara in the northern part of Sweden
1/18/199916:263 hELHYSA + DIRAC--- No Data ---
1/27/199911:382 h 53 mSAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale) + DESCARTES--- No Data ---
1/27/19993:30 utc6 h 15 mMIPAS-B2 (Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding - Balloonborne) + SFINX--- No Data ---
1/30/199914.112 h 37 mELHYSA + DIRAC--- No Data ---
2/6/199912.231 h 41 mSAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale) + SAOZ-BrO + DESCARTES--- No Data ---
2/6/199910:035 h 9 mTRIPLE--- No Data ---
2/10/199911.353 h 30 mLPMA (Limb Profile Monitor of the Atmosphere) + DOAS--- No Data ---
2/11/199923.481 h 35 mBPS support flight--- No Data ---
2/11/199920:104 h 47 mAMON (Absorption de Minoritaires, Ozone et NOx) + AMON-RA--- No Data ---
2/12/199916.55---BACKSCATTER--- No Data ---
2/12/199910:13---BACKDOOR--- No Data ---
2/12/19993.07---BACKSCATTER--- No Data ---
2/18/199913.142 h 29 mTechnological flight ALLEGEE system--- No Data ---
2/18/19999.335 hTechnological flight 7 eng balloon model--- No Data ---
2/18/199918.407 dSAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale) + CH4 + O3In Siberia on the russian federation.
2/19/199914.4317 dLABS (Laser Backscatter Sonde) + O3In the Canada coast at 54º 97' N - 56º 70' W
2/22/19999.172 h 25 mORION--- No Data ---
2/23/199910.333 h 28 mSDLA-LAMA (Spectromètre à Diode Laser Accordable - Laser pour l'Analyse du Méthane Atmosphérique)--- No Data ---
2/25/199910.48---PAYLOAD UNKNOWN--- No Data ---
5/3/19996:05---CRYOGENIC AIR COLLECTOR--- No Data ---
8/26/199912.442 hSKERRIESBy the lake Kitkiöjärvi near the finish border.
9/6/199907:11:11---TELEMETRY TEST--- No Data ---
11/9/199910.22---SKERRIES--- No Data ---
11/11/199907:34:00---TELEMETRY TEST--- No Data ---
11/19/19994:37 utc5 h 18 mOMS Gondola - Analizador de CO2 / Cromatografo LACE / Dual-beam In-Situ UV-Absorption Ozone Photometer / ALIAS II Laser Spectrometer (JPL) - Mediciones IN-SITU9 miles S of Kittila, Sweden
12/3/19999:11 utc6 h 43 mMKIV INTERFEROMETER / SLS Microwave Instrument (both JPL) and DESCARTES instrument (IRF)12 miles S of Orajarvi, Sweden
12/4/199915.173 h 40 mOPENING FLIGHT--- No Data ---
12/10/199914.202 h 34 mETNA (Equipement de Télécommunication Numérique pour Aérostat)--- No Data ---
12/15/199911.00---SKERRIES--- No Data ---
12/17/199910.161 h 49 mETNA (Equipement de Télécommunication Numérique pour Aérostat)--- No Data ---
1/10/200010.0422 m7ENG balloon technological flight--- No Data ---
1/12/20009.151 h 45 m7ENG balloon technological flight--- No Data ---
1/14/20009.542 h 8 mµRADIBAL (RADIomètre BALlon)--- No Data ---
1/19/200011.48---HALOZ--- No Data ---
1/19/200020.433 h 37 mANALYSIS OF POLAR STRATOSPHERIC CLOUDS--- No Data ---
1/23/200014.382 h 4 mSALOMON (Spectroscopie d'Absorption Lunaire pour l'Observation des Minoritaires Ozone et Nox)--- No Data ---
1/25/200019.463 h 34 mACMS (Aerosol Composition Mass Spectrometer) + Several other instruments--- No Data ---
1/25/200015.46---BACKSCATTER SOND--- No Data ---
1/25/20009.031 h 8 mµRADIBAL (RADIomètre BALlon)--- No Data ---
1/27/200012.22?HALOZ--- No Data ---
1/27/200011.054 h 36 mTRIPLE--- No Data ---
1/28/200011.183 h 21 mOZONE LOSS--- No Data ---
2/9/200012.56---SAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale) + 5 instruments to measure ozone loss--- No Data ---
2/13/200012.541 h 57 mOZONE LOSS--- No Data ---
2/16/20008.262 h 10 mParachute system test--- No Data ---
2/18/200012.154 h 17 mLPMA (Limb Profile Monitor of the Atmosphere) + DOASIn Finland
2/18/200018.1418 dLAGRANGIAN EXPERIMENTnear Minsk, Russian Federation.
2/18/200016.222 dLABS (Laser Backscatter Sonde) + O3Payload retrieved from Hudson Bay, Canadá.
2/22/200016.452 h 35 mSALOMON (Spectroscopie d'Absorption Lunaire pour l'Observation des Minoritaires Ozone et Nox)--- No Data ---
2/23/200010.331 h 54 mORION--- No Data ---
2/27/200013.402 h 20 mSupport flight MIR--- No Data ---
2/29/200015.433 dTECHNOLOGICAL FLIGHTIn Siberia.
3/1/20003.364 h 48 mTRIPLE--- No Data ---
3/1/20009.43---HALOZ--- No Data ---
3/3/200013.324 h 24 mINMARSAT TEST--- No Data ---
3/5/200015:14 utc---OMS Gondola - ALIAS II + Dual-beam In-Situ UV-Absorption Ozone Photometer133 miles from Esrange, Sweden
3/6/200015.27---10 ZUL new type balloon test flight--- No Data ---
3/7/200014.153 h 28 m10 ZUL new type balloon test flight--- No Data ---
3/8/200012.57---HALOZ--- No Data ---
3/15/20001:05 utc5 hMKIV INTERFEROMETER / SLS Microwave199 miles from Esrange, Sweden
3/25/200015.31---OZONE LOSS--- No Data ---
3/25/200019.342 h 13 m7ENG test flight--- No Data ---
3/27/200017:431 h 20 mSAPIN--- No Data ---
3/28/20007:533 h 38 mSUPERPRESSURE BALLOON--- No Data ---
3/29/200017.531 h 33 mTEST NSO.S--- No Data ---
4/1/200015:591 h 47 mµRADIBAL (RADIomètre BALlon)--- No Data ---
4/1/20009:322 h 36 mSUPERPRESSURE BALLOON--- No Data ---
4/3/200019:002 h 17 mSUPERPRESSURE BALLOON--- No Data ---
4/4/200010:00---HALOZ--- No Data ---
4/4/200000:124 hTECHNOLOGICAL FLIGHT--- No Data ---
4/7/200017:0018 m30SFR Techno flight--- No Data ---
4/7/20004:003 hSUPERPRESSURE BALLOON--- No Data ---
5/8/200020:16:00---OZONE SAMPLER--- No Data ---
5/10/200019:25:00---INMARSAT TEST--- No Data ---
5/15/200011:32 utc2 hDESCARTESNear Hakkas, Sweden
6/16/20009:56 utc2 hDESCARTESNear Svappavaara, Sweden
8/14/20009:12 utc2 h 30 mDESCARTESNear Kangos, Sweden
9/22/200013:45:00---SKERRIES--- No Data ---
11/17/200012:59:34---SKERRIES--- No Data ---
11/24/200019:524 h 35 mOZONE SAMPLER--- No Data ---
11/24/20008:585 h 24 mTANGO MAP 11North of the town of Pello, Finland
11/29/20009:306 h 11 mTANGO MAP 12S of Pello, Finland
12/2/200015:0010 h 31 mVuelo apertura campaña ARCHEOPS--- No Data ---
12/4/20009:254 hTANGO MAP 13North of the town of Rovaniemi, Finland
12/4/200018:463 h 30 mSALOMON (Spectroscopie d'Absorption Lunaire pour l'Observation des Minoritaires Ozone et Nox)--- No Data ---
12/11/200014:09---SKERRIES--- No Data ---
12/12/20008:425 h 24 mTANGO MAP 14North of the town of Kemijärvi, Finland
12/12/200015:063 h 30 mNTA Test flight + HYGROMETER--- No Data ---
12/18/2000~ 09:00---TANGO MAP 15--- No Data ---
1/11/200112:02 utc4 h 37 mMIPAS-B2 (Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding - Balloonborne)--- No Data ---
1/12/200116:553h 45 mPSC 1--- No Data ---
1/12/200110:262 h 18 mARCHEOPS--- No Data ---
1/29/200113:2810 hARCHEOPSIn Syktyvkar, Russian Federation
2/17/200113:054 h 39 mMAP 21--- No Data ---
2/19/200112:373 h 50 mMAP 22--- No Data ---
2/22/200116:096 h 19 mMAP 23--- No Data ---
2/28/200112:2511 h 14 mMAP 24--- No Data ---
3/13/200110:264 hLPMA-IASI (Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer)25 km at W of Liminkojarvi city, Sweden.
3/16/200115:262 hMAP 25--- No Data ---
3/17/200115:00---MAP (long duration)--- No Data ---
3/20/200115:115 h 30 mJUMBO--- No Data ---
3/21/20019:35---MAP 26--- No Data ---
3/21/200114:273 h 49 mVLD 02 (long duration)--- No Data ---
3/23/200116:235 h 15 mTechno flight--- No Data ---
3/27/200112:07---VLD 03 + RUMBA--- No Data ---
8/9/20017:532 h 20 mOPENING FLIGHT--- No Data ---
8/14/200112:502 h 50 mNAL Mock-up--- No Data ---
8/16/200110:003 h 35 mCNES Mock-up--- No Data ---
8/21/200115:3811h 10 mLPMA (Limb Profile Monitor of the Atmosphere) + DOAS200 km E of Kiruna, Sweden
8/23/200116:4810 h 30 mSAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale)--- No Data ---
8/29/200111:084 hCNES Techno-TM--- No Data ---
8/31/2001 ---HSFD (High Speed Flight Demonstrator)No launch
11/9/20019:14---EBASS (Esrange Balloon Service System)--- No Data ---
12/3/20019:21---OZONE SAMPLER--- No Data ---
12/4/200110:00---OPENING FLIGHT--- No Data ---
12/5/200116:49---OPENING FLIGHT + INMARSAT test--- No Data ---
12/6/200111:44---25ENG new balloon type test flight--- No Data ---
12/9/200120:284 h 20 mPSC 1--- No Data ---
12/12/200116:00---RUS 500m3--- No Data ---
12/16/20014:58 utc---HYGROMETER--- No Data ---
12/18/20019:102 h 40 m30 SFR techno--- No Data ---
1/9/200214:3641 (d ? h ?)Vorcore - Long Duration--- No Data ---
1/15/200216:203 h 35 mOPENING FLIGHT--- No Data ---
1/17/200211:306 hARCHEOPS 2 + PSCIn Finland
1/19/20029:00---Vorcore - Long Duration--- No Data ---
1/21/200220:195 h 35 mSALOMON (Spectroscopie d'Absorption Lunaire pour l'Observation des Minoritaires Ozone et Nox)--- No Data ---
1/22/200216:30---VLD--- No Data ---
1/22/200211:00---VLD--- No Data ---
1/24/200215:15---VLD--- No Data ---
1/26/200210:00---VLD--- No Data ---
2/1/20029:48---VLD--- No Data ---
2/4/200210:36---VLD--- No Data ---
2/5/200210:00---VLD--- No Data ---
2/7/200212:4221 h 7 mARCHEOPSNear Norilsk, Russian Federation
2/12/200211:56 utc4 hMIPAS-B2 (Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding - Balloonborne)In the Russian Federation
3/2/20029:38---HALOZ 2-1--- No Data ---
3/13/200216:35---MIR ALLEGEE--- No Data ---
3/14/200216:11---MIR VLD-1 / INMARSAT--- No Data ---
3/17/200216:253,5 dTEST FLIGHTOver Canada 45ºN - 124ºW
8/3/20026:12---OPENING FLIGHT--- No Data ---
8/5/200218:054 h 20 mLPMA-IASI (Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer)200 kms southwest from Kiruna, Sweden
8/8/2002 ---SDLA-LAMA (Spectromètre à Diode Laser Accordable - Laser pour l'Analyse du Méthane Atmosphérique)--- No Data ---
8/12/200217:46---SAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale)--- No Data ---
8/18/2002 ---LPMA (Limb Profile Monitor of the Atmosphere)40 km W of Jokkmokk, Sweden
11/25/200215:533 h 48 mBEXUS I (Balloon Experiment for University Students) + EBASSW of Kuosku, Finland
12/6/200222:31---PSC1--- No Data ---
12/7/20022:39 utc7 hMIPAS-B2 (Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding - Balloonborne)Near the russian city of Murmansk
12/16/20024:59~ 5 hMKIV INTERFEROMETER + in situ O3 PhotometerNear Murmansk, Russian Federation.
1/10/200310:48---OPENING FLIGHT--- No Data ---
1/16/200314:33---ELHYSA (Etude de L'Hygromérie Stratosphérique)--- No Data ---
1/21/200318:23---SPIRALE (Spectroscopie Infra-Rouge par Absorption de Laser Embarqué)--- No Data ---
3/1/200318:22---AMON (Absorption de Minoritaires, Ozone et NOx) + AMON-RA--- No Data ---
3/4/2003 ---LPMA (Limb Profile Monitor of the Atmosphere) + DOAS + micro DOAS + CAESR40 km northwest of Raiskio, Finland
3/6/20036:02---TRIPLE--- No Data ---
3/16/200314:49---SAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale) + SAOZ Bro--- No Data ---
3/20/200319:22 local15 hMIPAS-B2 (Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding - Balloonborne)50 kms from the launch site.
3/23/2003 ---LPMA (Limb Profile Monitor of the Atmosphere) + DOAS + micro DOAS + CAESR60 km E of Rovaniemi, Finland
3/30/200315:32---SAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale) + SAOZ Bro--- No Data ---
3/31/200323:45~ 3 hMKIV INTERFEROMETER + in situ O3 PhotometerNear the village of Somma in NE Finland
3/31/200314:00---MKIV INTERFEROMETER + in situ O3 Photometer--- No Data ---
6/9/20034:46---TRIPLE--- No Data ---
7/1/200306:03 local---HSFD (High Speed Flight Demonstrator)In the so called "Zone B" devoted to the landing of the nosecones of the rockets launched from ESRANGE
7/3/200322:26 utc3 hMIPAS-B2 (Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding - Balloonborne)In a birch grove in the Scandinavian mountains.
1/10/20045.55 local---OPC (Optical Particle Counters)In the northern part of Sweden near the village of Murjek.
2/26/200410:575 h 6 mBEXUS II (Balloon Experiment for University Students)In the northeast part of Finland, near the Russian border
3/3/200410:483 hOPENING FLIGHT--- No Data ---
3/4/200422:512 h 33 mSALOMON (Spectroscopie d'Absorption Lunaire pour l'Observation des Minoritaires Ozone et Nox)In Finland
3/8/2004 ---PAYLOAD UNKNOWN--- No Data ---
3/11/200420:00 local~ 3 hELHYSA (Etude de L'Hygromérie Stratosphérique)106 km from launch site
3/24/200413:50~ 6 hLPMA (Limb Profile Monitor of the Atmosphere) + DOAS + ASC--- No Data ---
3/25/20048:52---PAYLOAD UNKNOWN--- No Data ---
12/6/200412:30---E-LINK (Esrange Airborne Data Link)--- No Data ---
1/10/20053:13~ 3 hHYGROMETER (in support of MAGIC rocket launch)--- No Data ---
1/27/200511:36---E-LINK (Esrange Airborne Data Link)--- No Data ---
3/1/200513:12---AURA + Dual-beam In-Situ UV-Absorption Ozone Photometer--- No Data ---
3/22/200515:214 h 19 mBEXUS III (Balloon Experiment for University Students)40 km W of the village of Vilhelmina, Sweden
6/12/20051:09 utc4 d 5 h 6 mBLAST (Balloon-borne Large Aperture Sub-millimeter Telescope)On Victoria Island, 170 miles NW of Cambridge Bay, Northern Canadá
6/29/200511:45~ 3 hrCAPANINAS of Nikkaluokta, Sweden
8/31/20051:52~ 9 hrCAPANINANear the village of Junosuando in the N part of Sweden
1/16/200616:066 hSALOMON (Spectroscopie d'Absorption Lunaire pour l'Observation des Minoritaires Ozone et Nox)In the N part of Finland, near the lake Inari.
1/20/2006 3 h 30 mSPIRALE + STACNear the village of Lannavaara, in the N part of Sweden
2/18/2006 3 hOPENING CAMPAIGN TECHNOLOGICAL FLIGHT + FLASH BNear the village of Karesuando in the N part of Sweden
3/1/200612:2410 hLPMA-IASI (Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer) + Mini DOAS50 km northwest of Tingisautio, in the northeast part of Finland
6/2/20062:085 d 4 h 5 mAESOP (Anti-Electron Sub Orbital Payload)163 miles W of Cambridge Bay, Victoria Island, Canadá
6/12/20061:238 h 41 mULDB (Ultra Long Duration Balloon)51 miles SO of Esrange, Sweden
6/19/200611:133 h 10 mBEXUS IV (Balloon Experiment for University Students)10 km W of Naimakka village, Sweden
7/8/20063:424 d 13 h 58 mTRACER (Transition Radiation Array for Cosmic Energetic Radiation)75 nm SSE of Resolute, Nunavut Province, Canada
1/24/20077:463 h 24 mFIRS-2 (far infrared Fourier transform spectrometer)North of Valvtrasket lake, in Norrbotten, Sweden
2/7/20073:13~ 2 hMKIV INTERFEROMETEREast of Talinnen, in Norrbotten, Sweden
2/22/200711:37~ 1 hMKIV INTERFEROMETER--- No Data ---
3/28/2007 ~ 3 h 30 mBEXUS V (Balloon Experiment for University Students) + ELINKEast of Rovaniemi, Finland
6/28/20085:074 d 10 hMEAP / P-BACE135km from Umingmaktok, Canada
10/8/200813:36~ 4 hBEXUS 7 (Balloon Experiment for University Students)North of Rovaniemi, Finland.
10/8/20087:10~ 5 hBEXUS 6 (Balloon Experiment for University Students)In Finland, near the border
3/10/200923:18 utc~ 12 hMIPAS-B2 (Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding - Balloonborne) + TELIS (TeraHertz Limb Sounder)East of Anetjarvi, Finland
5/17/20092:26~ 4 dLEE (Low Energy Electrons)On Devon Island, North of Canada
6/6/200922:183 d 17 hAESOP (Anti-Electron Sub Orbital Payload)In the south of Ellesmere Island, Canada
6/8/20096:27 utc5 d 17 h 18 mSUNRISEIn Somerset Island, Nunavut, Canada
6/22/20091:01~ 4hULDB (Ultra Long Duration Balloon)In the Sjaunja Reserve, southwest of Kiruna, Sweden
8/2/200918:004 hELHYSA + STAC20 km SW of Kiruna, Sweden
8/7/20091:265 hSPIRALE (Spectroscopie Infra-Rouge par Absorption de Laser Embarqué) + STACIn the Sjaunja Nature Reserve, 40 km SW of Kiruna, Sweden
8/14/20099:26~ 8 hLPMA-IASI/SWIR (Limb Profile Monitor of the Atmosphere) + STACNear the north border of ESRANGE, Sweden
8/18/200913:217 hµRADIBAL (RADIomètre BALlon)A few miles E of Sonkamuotka, Finland
8/24/200920:285 hSPIRALE (Spectroscopie Infra-Rouge par Absorption de Laser Embarqué) + STAC27 km SSE from Kiruna, Sweden
8/25/200914:557 h 30 mSALOMON-N2 (Spectroscopie d'Absorption Lunaire pour l'Observation des Minoritaires Ozone et NOx - Nacelle 2)Near Nedre Soppero, 57 km NE from Kiruna, Sweden
8/26/200919:034 hELHYSA + STAC8 km N of Knoksu, Sweden
9/7/200914:50 utc16 hLPMA (Limb Profile Monitor of the Atmosphere) + DOAS + STAC10 km al Norwest of Seitajarvi, Finland
10/10/200914:00 local4 hBEXUS 8 (Balloon Experiment for University Students)153 km east of Kiruna. In Finland
10/11/200911:33 local4 hBEXUS 9 (Balloon Experiment for University Students)205 km east of Kiruna. In Finland
1/24/201000:47 utc12 hMIPAS-B2 (Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding - Balloonborne) + TELIS (TeraHertz Limb Sounder)40 km E of Kuusamo, Finland
4/4/201017:24 utc---ELHYSA (Etude de L'Hygromérie Stratosphérique)--- No Data ---
4/9/201014:42 utc---ELHYSA (Etude de L'Hygromérie Stratosphérique)--- No Data ---
4/25/20106:55 utc~ 8 hLPMA-IASI/SWIR (Limb Profile Monitor of the Atmosphere) + STACNorth of Porttipahdan Tekojarvi lake, Finland
4/29/201017:28 utc8 hMINI-SAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale) + ISAO20 km east of Kautokeino, Norway
10/9/20101:07 utc~ 5 hBEXUS 10 (Balloon-borne EXperiments for University Students)In Finland
11/23/20108:19 utc~ 3 hBEXUS 11 (Balloon-borne EXperiments for University Students)North of Kajaani, Finland
3/11/201114:02 utc---MINI-SAOZ (Systeme d'Analyse par Observation Zenithale)--- No Data ---
3/12/201119:47 utc3 hELHYSA (Etude de L'Hygromérie Stratosphérique)Near Ivalo, Finland
3/30/201122:45 utc7 hMIPAS-B2 (Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding - Balloonborne)In Russia near the Finland border
4/7/201114:25 utc5 hDUSTER (Dust in the Upper Stratosphere Tracking Experiment and Return)NE of Porsi, Sweden
4/24/201100:00 utc3 h 40 mµRADIBAL (RADIomètre BALlon)N of Arjeplog, Sweden
4/28/20112:34 utc2 h 30 mSALOMON-N2 (Spectroscopie d'Absorption Lunaire pour l'Observation des Minoritaires Ozone et NOx - Nacelle 2)W of Porjus, Sweden
5/7/2011 ---D-SEND 1 (Drop test for Simplified Evaluation of Nonsymmetrically Distributed sonic boom)--- No Data ---
5/16/20113:05 utc---D-SEND 1 (Drop test for Simplified Evaluation of Nonsymmetrically Distributed sonic boom)--- No Data ---
5/27/20111:21 utc4 d 14 hLEE (Low Energy Electrons)Western coast of Somerset Island, Nunavut, Canada
6/10/201100:19 utc4 d 16 hAESOP (Anti-Electron Sub Orbital Payload)Somerset Island, Nunavut, Canada
6/13/201123:12 utc4 d 1 hHIWIND (High-altitude Interferometer WIND Experiment)Somerset Island, Nunavut, Canada
7/7/20111:57 local time5 h 25 mPoGOLite (Polarised Gamma-ray Observer)Flight aborted due to balloon problems. Gondola landed near Nikkaluokta, Sweden
9/27/201117:37 utc---BEXUS 12 (Balloon-borne EXperiments for University Students)E of Pello, Finland
9/28/201115:21 utc3 h 30 mBEXUS 13 (Balloon-borne EXperiments for University Students)NW of Rovaniemi, Finland
2/8/201210:00 utc---ICE CLOUD OBSERVATION--- No Data ---
4/4/201212:09 utc---ICE CLOUD OBSERVATION--- No Data ---
8/14/20123:47 utc~ 5 hSPB (Super Pressure Balloon)15 kms NE of ESRANGE, Sweden
9/24/201211:00 utc5 hBEXUS 14 (Balloon-borne EXperiments for University Students)--- No Data ---
9/25/201210:18 utc---BEXUS 15 (Balloon-borne EXperiments for University Students)--- No Data ---
11/29/20129:05 utc---ICE CLOUD OBSERVATION--- No Data ---
2/19/20139:40 utc---ICE CLOUD OBSERVATION--- No Data ---
2/20/201311:17 utc---ICE CLOUD OBSERVATION--- No Data ---
3/20/2013 ---TFB-01 + POGoLInoNear Muonio, Finland
6/12/20135:38 utc5 d 7 h 4 mSUNRISE IIIn Boothia Peninsula, Nunavut, Canada
7/12/20138:18 utc13 d 15 hPoGOLite (Polarised Gamma-ray Observer)100 km NW of Norilsk, Russia
8/16/2013 ---D-SEND 2 (Drop test for Simplified Evaluation of Nonsymmetrically Distributed sonic boom)--- No Data ---
9/10/20138:24 utc---LYKTANNear the Finnish border
10/8/20138:30 utc---BEXUS 16 (Balloon-borne EXperiments for University Students)In Finland
10/10/201316:12 utc5 h 10 mBEXUS 17 (Balloon-borne EXperiments for University Students)In Finland
12/18/201310:45 utc---LTU 6--- No Data ---
1/27/201410:22 utc---MADS (Magnetic Attitude Determination System)--- No Data ---
2/27/201410:45 utc---SVT - HJARNKONTORET--- No Data ---
3/20/201412:40 utc---LTU 8--- No Data ---
10/8/201417:56 utc4 h 30 mBEXUS 19 (Balloon-borne EXperiments for University Students)In Finland
10/10/20149:49 utc3 hBEXUS 18 (Balloon-borne EXperiments for University Students)In Finland
10/15/20148:58 utc---SHADT (Sub-scale High Altitude Drop Test)--- No Data ---
10/16/20147:12 utc---SHADT (Sub-scale High Altitude Drop Test)--- No Data ---
10/22/20149:44 utc---TENTH NOTION--- No Data ---
10/22/201411:35 utc---TENTH NOTION--- No Data ---
5/8/2015 ---HABLEG (High Altitude Balloon Launched Experimental Glider)In ESRANGE, Kiruna, Sweden
6/15/2015 ~ 4 hERC # 1 (Earth Return Capsule)--- No Data ---
6/21/201515:36 utc~ 4 hERC # 2 (Earth Return Capsule)--- No Data ---
7/24/20154:43 utc---D-SEND 2 (Drop test for Simplified Evaluation of Nonsymmetrically Distributed sonic boom)--- No Data ---
8/5/20156:03 utc~ 4 hERC # 3 (Earth Return Capsule)--- No Data ---
8/10/201513:50 utc7 hBARREL 3A (Balloon Array for RBSP Relativistic Electron Losses)--- No Data ---
8/13/20154:30 utc12 h 40 mBARREL 3B (Balloon Array for RBSP Relativistic Electron Losses)--- No Data ---
8/17/201512:08 utc BARREL 3C (Balloon Array for RBSP Relativistic Electron Losses)--- No Data ---
8/19/20157:05 utc BARREL 3E (Balloon Array for RBSP Relativistic Electron Losses)--- No Data ---
8/19/20156:02 utc BARREL 3D (Balloon Array for RBSP Relativistic Electron Losses)--- No Data ---
8/25/201510:58 utc BARREL 3G (Balloon Array for RBSP Relativistic Electron Losses)--- No Data ---
8/25/20157:10 utc BARREL 3F (Balloon Array for RBSP Relativistic Electron Losses)--- No Data ---