History

The origins of the first permanent base for stratospheric balloon launching of civil use in the U.S., can be traced at the beginning of the decade of the 60's when was founded in Boulder, Colorado, the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) institution that reunited a group of scientists involved in the atmospheric investigation. One of the priorities of the new center was to develope a scientific ballooning program along with a full equiped launch base. At that time at least 10 scientific groups existed in the U.S. wich used regularly stratospheric balloons for their research, and they were who showed more interest in that effort.

Initially the general opinion was to use the facilities and existing infrastructure in Holloman AFB, New Mexico, but that would reduce the program independence of objectives. Also the Air Force was very reluctant to allow the entrance of foreign scientists to its facilities, so was clear that the initiative would have to be developed outside the military scene.

Martin Schwarzschild, a scientist working at Princeton, was in charge of a pharaonic project called Stratoscope II. It was a gigantic telescope created to be carried to the stratosphere by a balloon (at that time the sixth great telescope on the U.S). Their requirements of flight were the corner stone on which the NCAR began to search for a place to establish the permanent base: it had to be a site more or less located in center of the country, to allow to make flights towards the East in winter and to the inverse direction in summer. This finally restricted the search only to the states of Oklahoma, Arkansas and Texas.

Aerial view of the old launch pad of Palestine, TexasInitially the small city of Hope, in Arkansas, was selected because it had a fabulous airfield and great hangars, but the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) did not authorize his use for balloon launchings because it was located in the middle of several national airways. To solve the problem and help in the election the FAA assigned to the NCAR a more or less ample block of airspace in the east of Texas so they can chose the city that better filled their requeriments. That zone was located far away from the populated airways of mainstream commercial traffic.

After evaluating a few cities the final election was Palestine, a small town located just in the center of the assigned zone by the FAA. The site counted with an airport and the news of the establishment of the base generated enthusiasm among the local people. Also, it was located sufficiently to the north so the balloons in summer will not cross the Mexican border (a prohibition exists to fly 50 miles from the limit) and in winter flying towards the east, did not approach the populated zones of the Gulf of Mexico.

Thus, the first works of construction begin on lands that previously belonged to an old army base located next to the airport. The works in the base were completed in 1962, but still until the following decade, the administrative and organizational part would remain in Boulder, Colorado, in the NCAR headquarters. In October that year although the base has not been officially inaugurated, the first flights of the project Stratoscope II were made and finally on August 13, 1963 the first launch takes place. Sadly, althought it was a normal flight, the termination system failed so the balloon and payload were lost on the Pacific Ocean. This was the formal inauguration the new base wich wiould be named as National Scientific Balloon Flight Station.

Location of the old launch pad and the new oneIn 1964, the base already counted with a paved launch area, which viewed from the air seemed a crab whose legs were a series of ways oriented in different directions (see image above) to allow the extension of the flight train depending on the direction from which the wind blew. Also that year a remarkable improvement in the telemetry equipment takes place and in the command control system wich is digitized. Also two movable telemetry stations were added to the station setup extending the range of the flying balloons. The following year a vehicle specially designed makes its appearance in the base: "Tiny Tim". It was constructed to handle the scientific payloads at the moment of the launching so they don't receive blows or hit the ground in that critical phase. It was the first vehicle specially constructed to assist in the process of launch a balloon.

The beginning of the 1970 decade, was a very busy time for the base with two annual campaigns, one between April and May and the other between September and October. During this time the town filled of scientists and technicians arrived from the four corners of the country and the world, being a stimulus for the local economy. It is also the time when arose the necessity to build a larger launch pad, to adecuate handle the larger balloons with volumes near the million cubic meters. This new pad (the ample circular area in the scheme above) was built in 1973 and consists of a circular paved area with a diameter near 150 meters surrounded by another circular area of grass of almost 300, which allows to launch balloons wich today have not yet been constructed (3.000.000 m3) or to carry out up to two simultaneous launches. That same year the station is again renamed as National Scientific Balloon Facility (NSBF).

Aerial View of the facilities of the CSBF in Palestine.In 1986, the site started to be managed by the New Mexico State University (NMSU). This institution operates it for the NASA even today.

Today the base has all the infrastructure necessary to operate balloons of any size with areas for the integration of scientific gondolas, buildings of storage, hangars, a complete weather station with three meteorologists full-time, and 2 airplanes Cessna of pursuit and air support. Recently the technology of the control center has been improved, allowing to analyze in real time the scientific and flight information from the balloons in flight, not mattering from where they have been launched.

Although in the first years, flights were made during the winter months , these have been prohibited by NASA due to the risk that balloons move towards populated areas in the Gulf of Mexico or slip into air traffic corridors. Instead in these months campaigns are conducted from Fort Sumner in New Mexico, another launch base wich in the latest years have surpassed in number of flights those carried out from Palestine.

In February 2006 the installation was renamed for the second time, and now is called Columbia Scientific Balloon Facility (CSBF), in memory of the victims of the space shuttle wich crashed when returning from the space in 2003.

Since its inauguration 45 years ago, the Palestine base carried out more than 1500 stratospheric balloon launches, which turns it the most active facility of the U.S.

Aditionally, more information on the base can be obtained in a very complete article who Dwight Bawcom former NSBF Operations Director wrote for StratoCat.

CSBF Web site: Columbia Scientific Balloon Facility - http://www.csbf.nasa.gov/

Balloons launched list

DateHourFlight DurationExperimentPayload landing place or cause of the failure
12/12/1962 14 hSTRATOSCOPE II - TEST FLIGHTSeparation system failure. Shoot down by Navy fighters off Florida coast, US
3/1/196317:41 CST11 h 30 mSTRATOSCOPE IINear Pulaski, Tenessee, US
11/2/19637:00 cst~1 h 30 mCORONASCOPE II - DUMMY PAYLOADBalooon burst at 55.000 ft. Payload recovered 10 Miles SE of Alto, Texas, US
11/8/19635:19 cst11 hSESAME (Micrometeorite Collector)Wesson, Mississippi, US
11/26/196316:00 cst17 hSTRATOSCOPE IInear Kosciusko, Mississippi, US
12/15/19631:19 cst8 hSESAME (Micrometeorite Collector)20 miles NNW of Columbia, South Carolina, US
1/7/1964 ~1 hCORONASCOPE II - TEST FLIGHTBalooon burst at 42.000 ft.
2/1/1964 14 hSPARK CHAMBER--- No Data ---
2/1/1964 ---SPARK CHAMBERFailed flight
2/6/1964 10 hSPARK CHAMBER--- No Data ---
2/9/1964 6 hRADIOMETER--- No Data ---
3/5/1964 ~ 7 hCORONASCOPE II--- No Data ---
3/17/1964 ---ATMOSPHERIC MOISTURE MEASUREMENTSAborted flight. Electrostatic discharge caused squib to fire seconds after launch
6/2/1964 ---STRATOSCOPE II--- No Data ---
6/10/1964 16 hSESAME (Micrometeorite Collector)--- No Data ---
6/23/1964 ---GAMMA RAY ASTRONOMYLaunch aborted
6/23/1964 1 hGAMMA RAY AND CHARGED PARTICLES DETECTORBalloon burst at 48.500 ft
6/27/1964 2 hGAMMA RAY AND CHARGED PARTICLES DETECTORBalloon burst at 52.800 ft
7/9/1964 4 hSOFT X-RAY STUDIES--- No Data ---
7/21/1964 ---X-RAY DETECTOR--- No Data ---
7/23/1964 6 hRADIOMETER--- No Data ---
8/12/1964 11 hSESAME (Micrometeorite Collector)--- No Data ---
9/11/19645:56 cstF 7 h 30 mSIRS (Satellite Infrared Radiometer Spectrometer)7 miles SW of Brownwood, Texas, US
9/17/196417:24 cst~ 14 hSPARK CHAMBER--- No Data ---
9/22/1964 3 hFAST NEUTRON DETECTOR--- No Data ---
10/2/1964 3 h 15 mFAST NEUTRON DETECTOR--- No Data ---
10/6/1964 F 9 h 13 mCERENKOV TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
10/9/1964 F 8 h 46 mCERENKOV TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
10/10/19646:15 cst~ 11 hSPARK CHAMBER--- No Data ---
10/17/1964 ---dE/dx AND E DETECTOR--- No Data ---
10/29/1964 ---RADIOMETER--- No Data ---
11/8/1964 ---RADIOMETER--- No Data ---
11/9/1964 ---SESAME (Micrometeorite Collector)--- No Data ---
11/13/1964 ---BALLOON BURST STUDY--- No Data ---
12/14/1964 ---SESAME (Micrometeorite Collector)--- No Data ---
3/15/19656:51 cst3hAIR SAMPLING10 miles WNW of Newellton, Louisiana, US
4/24/19654:17 cst9h 30mNUCLEAR EMULSION STACKS18 miles NNW of Jackson, Mississippi, US
5/20/196523:55 cst14h 40mCOSMIC RAY STUDY9 miles WNW of Ringling, Oklahoma, US
5/21/196518:27 cst---COSMIC RAY DETECTORBalloon burst at 96.000 ft. Payload recovered 3 miles SW of Grapeland, Texas, US
5/29/196523:54 cst14h 40mCOSMIC RAY STUDYDyes AFB, Abilene, Texas, US
5/30/19655:46 cst4h 15mATMOSPHERIC MOISTURE MEASUREMENTSWaco, Texas, US
6/3/19655:42 cst10 h 30 mCORONASCOPE II14 Miles N of Sweetwater, Texas, US
6/18/196518:55 cst9h 10mX-RAY DETECTORArtesia, New Mexico, US
7/20/1965 1h 30mAIR SAMPLING--- No Data ---
7/23/1965 ---STRATOSCOPE II--- No Data ---
8/24/1965 ---BALLOON BURST STUDY--- No Data ---
9/23/196522:34 cst5 h 10 mX-RAY ASTRONOMYOperations Failure. Payload inadvertently released
by radio command
9/25/1965 12h 15mCOSMIC RAY STUDY--- No Data ---
9/28/1965 24hCERENKOV TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
10/19/196522:05 cst8h 30mGAMMA RAY DETECTORMeridian, Mississippi,US
10/23/1965 12h 30mSPARK CHAMBER--- No Data ---
4/6/1966 5hMEASUREMENTS OF SOLAR GAMMA RAYS - TEST OF DATA HANDLING SYSTEM--- No Data ---
4/27/19665:25 cst2hTELEMETRY TEST FLIGHTNear Big Springs, Texas, US
5/8/19665:53 cst7h 25mIRIS (InfraRed Interferometer Spectrometer)23 miles W of Leona, Texas, US
5/26/19662:00 cst---GROUND IR RADIATION MEASUREMENTSPayload destroyed at launch. No flight
5/28/1966 7hSPARK CHAMBER TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
11/2/1966 4 h 30 mVERY FAR I.R. STUDY--- No Data ---
11/28/1966 6 hOBSERVATION OF RADIACTIVE DEBRIS IN CRAB NEBULA--- No Data ---
11/29/1966 ---DUMMY LOAD FLIGHT TEST--- No Data ---
11/30/1966 2h 35mEXPOSURE OF NUCLEAR EMULSION PACKAGE--- No Data ---
11/30/1966 2 hEXPOSURE OF NUCLEAR EMULSION PACKAGE--- No Data ---
12/9/1966 12 mDUMMY LOAD FLIGHT TEST--- No Data ---
12/11/1966 3 h 30 mSOLAR GAMMA RAYS--- No Data ---
12/13/1966 2 hHIGH ENERGY GAMMA RAYS--- No Data ---
12/29/1966 1 hMeasurement of interaction of ultra-high energy particles--- No Data ---
1/5/1967 ---IONIZATION SPECTROMETER--- No Data ---
1/9/1967 6 h 20 mObservation of dust and gaseous materials in solar corona--- No Data ---
3/17/1967 2 h 5 mMEASUREMENTS OF PRIMARY COSMIC RADIATION SPECTRA--- No Data ---
3/17/1967 3 h 30 mFlight electronics and experimental parachute evaluation--- No Data ---
4/3/1967 7 h 25 mMEASUREMENTS OF PRIMARY COSMIC RADIATION SPECTRA--- No Data ---
4/7/196711:27 utc5 hELECTRON DETECTOR--- No Data ---
4/8/1967 3 hMEASUREMENTS OF PRIMARY COSMIC RADIATION SPECTRA--- No Data ---
4/8/1967 ---Cygnus X Ray source observation--- No Data ---
4/15/1967 9 h 40 mMEASUREMENTS OF PRIMARY COSMIC RADIATION SPECTRA--- No Data ---
4/19/1967 1 hMEASUREMENTS OF PRIMARY COSMIC RADIATION SPECTRA--- No Data ---
5/2/1967 9 h 50 mX-RAY TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
5/16/1967 7 h 10 mOBSERVE CYGNUS X-RAY SOURCE--- No Data ---
5/28/1967 ---MEASUREMENTS OF GAMMA RAYS--- No Data ---
5/29/1967 8hMEASUREMENTS OF GAMMA RAYS--- No Data ---
6/3/1967 10 h 30 mOBSERVE CYGNUS X-RAY SOURCE--- No Data ---
6/4/19676:15 cdt8hGAMMA RAY DETECTOR--- No Data ---
6/8/1967 5h 30mMEASUREMENTS OF GAMMA RAYS--- No Data ---
6/14/1967 8h 10mMEASUREMENTS OF GAMMA RAYS--- No Data ---
7/15/1967 6 hX-RAY TELESCOPES--- No Data ---
8/10/196710:36 cdt6h 10mGAMMA RAY DETECTOR--- No Data ---
8/29/196716:23 cdt6 h 15 mGAMMA RAY DETECTOR--- No Data ---
9/10/1967 6 hSPARK CHAMBER TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
9/23/1967 15 h 10 mBARNDOOR I - EMULSION STACK--- No Data ---
11/2/1967 5hSOLAR NEUTRON DETECTOR--- No Data ---
5/5/19686:41 cdt8 h 20 mGAMMA RAY SPECTROMETER--- No Data ---
5/18/196819:55 local---STRATOSCOPE IINear Cushing, Texas, US
5/24/1968 14 h 15 mBARNDOOR II - EMULSION STACK--- No Data ---
7/30/1968 11 h 15 mIR EMISSION FROM INTERESTELLAR MATERIAL--- No Data ---
9/7/1968 F 8 h 50 mGAMMA RAYS AND NEUTRON DETECTOR--- No Data ---
9/19/1968 F 39 h 45 mBARNDOOR III - EMULSION STACK--- No Data ---
12/11/19683:05 cst5 h 15 mGAMMA RAY DETECTOR--- No Data ---
4/22/1969 f 6 h 30 mGAMMA RAYS AND NEUTRON DETECTOR--- No Data ---
4/22/1969 F 9 h 5 mX-RAY TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
5/10/1969 11 h 30 mMEASURE COSMIC RADIATION--- No Data ---
6/4/1969 f 9 h 50 mSUPERCONDUCTING MAGNET--- No Data ---
6/14/1969 f 11 h 45 mSEARCH FOR ANISOTROPY IN DIFFUSE GALACTIC X-RADIATION--- No Data ---
8/21/1969 F 8 h 50 mSUPERCONDUCTING MAGNET--- No Data ---
3/26/1970 F 14 h 20 mSTRATOSCOPE II--- No Data ---
4/3/1970 f 7 h 55 mMEASURE GAMMA RAYS AND NEUTRONS--- No Data ---
4/21/1970 F 3 hVACUUM MONSTER (Interplanetary Dust Collector)--- No Data ---
5/1/1970 F 39 h 50 mMEASURE CHARGE SPECTRUM OF COSMIC RAYS--- No Data ---
5/5/1970 F 33 h 5 mCREPE (Cosmic Ray Emulsion Plastic Experiment)--- No Data ---
5/17/1970 F 22 h 30 mMEASURE CHARGE SPECTRUM OF HEAVY COSMIC RAYS NUCLEI--- No Data ---
7/15/1970 8 h 55 mIR MAPPING OF GALACTIC CENTER--- No Data ---
7/29/1970 F 3 h 30 mIMP (Inertial Measurements Payload)--- No Data ---
10/9/1970 F 14 h 36 mGAMMA RAY DETECTOR--- No Data ---
2/13/1971 F 6 h 30 mHIGH ENERGY CERENKOV GAMMA RAY TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
5/2/1971 F 6 h 20 mVACUUM MONSTER (Interplanetary Dust Collector)--- No Data ---
5/25/1971 48 hCREPE (Cosmic Ray Emulsion Plastic Experiment)Payload lost at sea
6/6/1971 F 6 hBUSS (Balloon-Borne Ultraviolet Stellar Spectrometer)--- No Data ---
9/26/197112:30 utcF 26 h 30 mNEUTRON TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
10/6/1971 F 10 h 35 mHIGH ENERGY CERENKOV GAMMA RAY TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
10/7/1971 F 11 h 40 mBUSS (Balloon-Borne Ultraviolet Stellar Spectrometer)--- No Data ---
10/31/1971 F 8 h 15 mTHISBE (Telescope of Heidelberg for Infrared Studies by Balloon-borne Experiments)--- No Data ---
1/15/1972 F 6 hGAMMA RAY ASTRONOMY--- No Data ---
2/4/1972 F 4 hX-RAY POLARIMETER--- No Data ---
2/16/1972 F 1 h 15 mTANDEM BALLOON TEST--- No Data ---
2/18/1972 ---HIGH ENERGY CERENKOV GAMMA RAY TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
2/19/1972 F 1 h 15 mGAMMA RAY ASTRONOMY--- No Data ---
3/17/1972 F 1 h 30 mTANDEM BALLOON TEST--- No Data ---
5/3/1972 F 9 hBUSS (Balloon-Borne Ultraviolet Stellar Spectrometer)--- No Data ---
5/13/1972 F 6 h 45 mTHISBE (Telescope of Heidelberg for Infrared Studies by Balloon-borne Experiments)--- No Data ---
5/14/197212:48 utcF 30 h 15 mNEUTRON TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
8/28/1972 F 9 h 15 mINFRARED ASTRONOMY--- No Data ---
9/6/1972 ---INFRARED ASTRONOMY--- No Data ---
9/9/1972 F 11 h 40 mHIGH ENERGY CERENKOV GAMMA RAY TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
9/10/1972 F 10 h 20 mINFRARED ASTRONOMY--- No Data ---
9/28/1972 F 13 h 30 mINFRARED ASTRONOMY--- No Data ---
9/30/1972 F 13 h 10 mSUPERCONDUCTOR MAGNETIC SPECTROMETER--- No Data ---
10/5/1972 F 18 h 40 mHIGH ENERGY ELECTRON TELESCOPE + NUCLEAR EMULSIONS + SPARK CHAMBER--- No Data ---
10/10/1972 F 9 h 30 m102 CM FAR INFRARED TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
10/12/1972 F 14 hGISBE - IONIZATION SPECTROMETER--- No Data ---
10/23/1972 F 3 h 10 mTHISBE (Telescope of Heidelberg for Infrared Studies by Balloon-borne Experiments)--- No Data ---
11/2/1972 6 hSUPER CONDUCTING MAGNET--- No Data ---
2/27/1973 F 4 hDOUBLE COMPTON TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
4/5/1973 F 1 h 30 m102 CM FAR INFRARED TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
5/9/1973 F 8 hSUPER CONDUCTING MAGNET--- No Data ---
5/15/19737:21 cdtF 12 hGAMMA RAY DETECTOR--- No Data ---
5/16/1973 F 19 hIONIZATION CALORIMETER--- No Data ---
6/19/1973 F 6 h 20 mHIGH ENERGY GAMMA RAY ASTRONOMY--- No Data ---
6/22/1973 F 8 h 30 mLIQUID SCINTILLATION DETECTOR--- No Data ---
7/10/1973 F 6 h 45 mHIGH ENERGY GAMMA RAY ASTRONOMY--- No Data ---
7/23/1973 F 8 h 45 mHIGH ENERGY CERENKOV GAMMA RAY TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
9/9/1973 F 2 hAIR SAMPLING SYSTEM--- No Data ---
9/29/1973 F 40 h 10 mCOSMIC RAY DETECTOR--- No Data ---
10/19/1973 F 10 h 25 mSTRATCOM - IV (Stratospheric Composition)--- No Data ---
11/16/1973 ---SOLAR CELL CALIBRATION--- No Data ---
12/10/1973 ---102 CM FAR INFRARED TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
1/7/1974 F 25 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION--- No Data ---
1/31/1974 ---TEST FLIGHT OF NYLON BALLOON--- No Data ---
2/3/1974 F 6 h 5 m102 CM FAR INFRARED TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
2/16/1974 F 4 h 25 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION--- No Data ---
4/5/1974 F 2 h 55 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION--- No Data ---
4/16/1974 F 1 h 25 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION--- No Data ---
4/23/1974 F 4 h 20 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION--- No Data ---
5/6/1974 F 19 h 55 mMAGELLAN (Micrometeorite Collector)--- No Data ---
5/7/1974 F 35 h 30 mCOSMIC RAY DETECTOR--- No Data ---
5/9/1974 F 4 h 42 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION--- No Data ---
5/17/197416:29 cdt1 h 35 mBEFS (Balloon Electric Field Sensor)--- No Data ---
6/10/1974 F 6 h 55 mGAMMA RAY SPECTROMETER--- No Data ---
7/22/1974 F 6 h 15 mHIGH ENERGY CERENKOV GAMMA RAY TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
8/12/1974 F 21 hTHISBE (Telescope of Heidelberg for Infrared Studies by Balloon-borne Experiments)--- No Data ---
10/1/19741:30 cdtF 3 h 20 mMASS ESPECTROMETERNear Huntsville, Texas, US
10/9/1974 F 6 h 15 mBUSS (Balloon-Borne Ultraviolet Stellar Spectrometer)--- No Data ---
10/12/1974 F 6 h 30 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION--- No Data ---
10/17/1974 F 41 h 45 mMAGELLAN (Micrometeorite Collector)--- No Data ---
10/24/1974 F 3 h 25 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION--- No Data ---
3/14/1975 F 11 h 25 mBUSS (Balloon-Borne Ultraviolet Stellar Spectrometer)--- No Data ---
5/13/1975 F 26 h 25 mGAMMA RAY TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
5/17/1975 F 10 h 20 m102 CM FAR INFRARED TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
5/22/197511:40 utcF 23 hX-RAY DETECTOR--- No Data ---
6/2/1975 F 7 h 15 mCRYOGENIC AIR SAMPLER--- No Data ---
6/6/1975 F 6 h 10 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION--- No Data ---
6/15/1975 F 8 h 50 m102 CM FAR INFRARED TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
6/27/1975 F 5 h 20 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION--- No Data ---
7/7/19756:30 cdtF 3 h 20 mMASS ESPECTROMETERW of Midland, Texas, US
9/8/1975 F 3 h 45 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION--- No Data ---
9/21/19757:48 cdtF 16 h 10 mMASS ESPECTROMETERPayload freefall from 30 km. Impact 6.5 miles from Mexican border near Del Rio, Texas, US
11/6/1975 F 8 h 25 mGAMMA RAY DETECTOR--- No Data ---
1/27/1976 F 2 h 10 mCRYOGENIC AIR SAMPLER--- No Data ---
2/27/1976 F 5 h 30 mCRYOGENIC AIR SAMPLER--- No Data ---
4/1/1976 F 4 h 55 mBUSS (Balloon-Borne Ultraviolet Stellar Spectrometer)--- No Data ---
4/8/1976 F 6 h 45 m102 CM FAR INFRARED TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
5/10/1976 F 19 h 15 mNRL HARD X-RAY OBSERVATORY--- No Data ---
5/19/1976 F 9 h 10 mBUSS (Balloon-Borne Ultraviolet Stellar Spectrometer)--- No Data ---
5/28/1976 F 7 h 45 m102 CM FAR INFRARED TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
8/11/1976 F 11 h 50 mENGINEERING TEST FLIGHT--- No Data ---
8/25/1976 ---ENGINEERING AND TRAINING FLIGHT--- No Data ---
9/8/1976 ---ENGINEERING AND TRAINING FLIGHT--- No Data ---
9/16/1976 F 11 h 5 mBUSS (Balloon-Borne Ultraviolet Stellar Spectrometer)--- No Data ---
9/24/1976 F 20 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATIONBalloon Failure
10/14/1976 F 6 hENGINEERING TEST FLIGHT--- No Data ---
12/2/1976 F 2 h 40 mENGINEERING AND TRAINING FLIGHT--- No Data ---
12/3/1976 F 3 hSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION--- No Data ---
12/16/1976 ---SKY ANCHOR TEST--- No Data ---
1/11/1977 F 30 mTEST OF RADAR REFLECTIVE TAPES--- No Data ---
1/11/1977 F 30 mTEST OF RADAR REFLECTIVE TAPES--- No Data ---
4/5/1977 F 6 hTEST FLIGHT - THERMAL STUDIES--- No Data ---
4/25/1977 F 9 h102 CM FAR INFRARED TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
5/3/1977 F 2 h 30 mSPECTROPHOTOMETERNear Baytown, Texas, US
5/23/1977 ---TRAINING FLIGHT--- No Data ---
5/23/1977 ---TRAINING FLIGHT--- No Data ---
6/1/1977 ---102 CM FAR INFRARED TELESCOPEBalloon Failure
6/10/1977 F 5 hSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION--- No Data ---
8/11/1977 F 3 h 30 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION--- No Data ---
10/3/197719:09 cdtF 24 hGAMMA RAY DETECTOR--- No Data ---
10/18/1977 F 8 h 15 mOBSERVATION OF X-RAY SOURCES--- No Data ---
10/26/1977 ---SKY ANCHOR TEST--- No Data ---
11/7/1977 ---TRAINING FLIGHT--- No Data ---
2/28/1978 ---TRAINING FLIGHT--- No Data ---
3/22/1978 F 11 h 10 mTEST FLIGHT--- No Data ---
5/8/1978 F 6 h 20 mBUSS (Balloon-Borne Ultraviolet Stellar Spectrometer)--- No Data ---
5/23/1978 ---102 CM FAR INFRARED TELESCOPEBalloon Failure at 20.7 km
5/30/1978 F 8 h 30 mBUSS (Balloon-Borne Ultraviolet Stellar Spectrometer)--- No Data ---
7/20/1978 F 4 h 15 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION--- No Data ---
10/6/1978 F 18 hGAMMA RAY TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
10/17/1978 F 14 h 45 mLEGS (Low Energy Gamma-ray Spectrometer)--- No Data ---
12/6/1978 F 4 h 30 mCOMPTON TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
12/10/1978 ~ 3 hHEAVY LOAD TEST--- No Data ---
12/17/1978 ~ 3 hHEAVY LOAD TEST--- No Data ---
1/24/1979 ---HEAVY LOAD TESTGround abort
2/9/1979 F 4 hLIMS (Limb Infrared Monitor of the Stratosphere)--- No Data ---
2/9/1979 ---HEAVY LOAD TESTBalloon failure
3/5/19797~ 4 hHEAVY LOAD TEST--- No Data ---
4/23/1979 F 9 h 15 m102 CM FAR INFRARED TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
5/5/1979 F 3 h 20 mLIMS (Limb Infrared Monitor of the Stratosphere)--- No Data ---
5/13/1979 ---LEGS (Low Energy Gamma-ray Spectrometer)--- No Data ---
5/25/1979 F 9 h 55 mLEGS (Low Energy Gamma-ray Spectrometer)--- No Data ---
6/13/1979 ---GUMPHS (Goddard, University of Maryland Proton Helium Spectrometer)--- No Data ---
6/14/1979 F 11 h 20 m102 CM FAR INFRARED TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
8/8/197913:00 utcF 2 h 30 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION27 miles NE of San Angelo, Texas, US
8/28/197914:00 utcF 4 h 30 mGAMMA RAY EXPERIMENT23 miles S of San Angelo, Texas, US
9/27/197900:22 utcF 25 h 30 mJACEE 1 (Japanese-American Collaborative Emulsion Experiment)35 Miles Sw Ft. Stockton, Texas, US
10/16/197923:35 utcF 18 h 40 m102 CM FAR INFRARED TELESCOPE14 miles NE of Minden, Louisiana, US
10/18/197910:18 utcF 15 h 25 mHARD X-RAY DETECTOR19.2 miles SW of Knoxville, Tennessee, US
5/9/198016:07 utc46 hHEXE (High Energy X-Ray Experiment)17 miles E of Seminole, Texas, US
5/10/198000:09 utc---LEGS (Low Energy Gamma-ray Spectrometer)Balloon failure at 22 km. Payload landed 25 miles NE of Nacogodches, Texas, US
6/27/198012:22 utcF 10 h 10 mHARD X-RAY DETECTOR14 Miles SE of Van Horn,Texas, US
7/24/198014:13 utcF 5 h 10 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION14 Miles S of Brownwood,Texas, US
9/4/198000:20 utcF 9 h 45 mMASS SPECTROMETER25 Miles NW of Juction, Texas, US
9/24/198015:10 utcF 36 h 15 mLEGS (Low Energy Gamma-ray Spectrometer)15 Miles S of Alamagordo, New Mexico, US
10/1/198000:51 utcF 37 h 30 mCOSMIC RAY ELECTRON TELESCOPE1 Mile W of Emannual, Georgia, US
10/4/198023:02 utcF 15 hX-RAY TELESCOPE17 Miles N of Meridian, Mississippi, US
10/7/198012:36 utcF 33 h 30 mJACEE 2 (Japanese-American Collaborative Emulsion Experiment)11 Miles of Elkins, West Virginia, US
10/20/198015:35 utcF 11 hBALLOON-BORNE LIDARFree fall of the payload. Impact 2 Miles NW of Bogalusa, Louisiana, US
10/20/198022:54 utc16 h102 CM FAR INFRARED TELESCOPE14 Miles S of Arcadia, Louisiana, US
10/22/198023:35 utcF 12 h 20 mFAR INFRARED EXPERIMENT--- No Data ---
10/25/198022:46 utcF 15 h 45 mGOLDENER DRACHE TELESKOP5 Miles W of Morton, Mississippi, US
12/3/198023:18 utcF 15 h 45 m102 CM FAR INFRARED TELESCOPE5 Miles SW of Singer, Louisiana, US
5/7/198104:35 utcF 5 hDUAL-BEAM UV-ABSORPTION OZONE PHOTOMETER10 Miles SW of Lufkin, Texas, US
5/7/198100:46 utcF 22 hMASS SPECTROMETER3 Miles NW of Mineola, Texas, US
6/6/198112:35 utcF 24 hGAMMA RAY EXPERIMENT18 Miles SW of Corona, New Mexico, US
7/24/1981 ---SOLAR CELL CALIBRATIONLaunch Pad
7/25/198113:07 utcF 7 hSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION43 miles NW of Big Springs, Texas, US
9/21/198100:53 utcF 22 h 30 mCRYOGENIC SAMPLER10 miles S of Vernon, Texas, US
9/28/198112:26 utc22 hHEXE (High Energy X-Ray Experiment)32 miles SW of Dalhart, Texas, US
10/10/1981ABORT---JACEE 3 (Japanese-American Collaborative Emulsion Experiment) - FailureAborted Flight
11/4/198113:27 utc10 h 20 mDUAL-BEAM UV-ABSORPTION OZONE PHOTOMETER25 miles S of Monroe, Louisiana, US
11/4/198123:41 utc~ 12.00 hRADIOMETER 90 GHZ6 miles SE of Leaksville, Mississippi, US
4/27/198200:45 utc~ 12.00 hRADIOMETER 90 GHZ3 miles NW of Palquemine, Louisiana, US
6/5/198200:44 utcF 14 h 50 mMIFRASO19 miles NE of Midland, Texas, US
7/8/198200:23 utcF 8 h 50 m102 CM FAR INFRARED TELESCOPE10 miles NNE of Lampasas, Texas, US
7/8/198212:00 utc11 h 40 mDUAL-BEAM UV-ABSORPTION OZONE PHOTOMETER12 miles SW of Colman, Texas, US
7/21/198212:59 utc7 h 30 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION38 miles NNE of San Angelo, Texas, US
9/30/198200:36 utc~1 hDGT (Directional Gamma-Ray Telescope)20 miles SW of Frankston, Texas, US
1/23/198316:44 utc9 h 55 mFIRS (Far InfraRed Spectrometer)8 miles W of Jena, Louisiana, US
5/16/198318:23 utc2 hFIRS (Far InfraRed Spectrometer)Balloon burst during ascent. Payload recovered 20 miles N of Nacogdoches, Texas, US
6/20/198316:45 utc15 hFIRS (Far InfraRed Spectrometer)25 miles SW of Pecos, Texas, US
7/12/198314:28 utc5 hSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION45 miles NE of Abilene, Texas, US
9/23/198300:09 utc59 hJACEE 4 (Japanese-American Collaborative Emulsion Experiment)13 miles W of Carlsbad, New Mexico, US
9/23/198323:43 utc~3 hDGT (Directional Gamma-Ray Telescope)4 miles NE of Crocket, Texas, US
9/30/198312:57 utc12 hHEGCS (High Energy Gas Cerenkov Spectrometer)24 miles N of Shreveport, Louisiana, US
10/28/198323:49 utc13 h 50 mSIRIS (Stratospheric InfraRed Interferometer Spectrometer)25 miles ENE of Bugalusa, Louisiana, US
4/6/198400:20 utc---102 CM FAR INFRARED TELESCOPE5 miles S of Kileen, Texas, US
5/14/19840:18 utc38 hHEIST (High Energy Isotope Spectrometer Telescope)46 miles SW of San Antonio, Texas, US
7/19/198413:16 utc---SOLAR CELL CALIBRATION40 miles W of San Angelo, Texas, US
10/1/198414:16 utc15 hJACEE 5 (Japanese-American Collaborative Emulsion Experiment)3 miles NE of Conroe, Texas, US
10/1/198414:25 utc32 hDGT (Directional Gamma-Ray Telescope)4 miles N of Mabank, Texas, US
11/6/198415:47 utc---SIRIS (Stratospheric InfraRed Interferometer Spectrometer)19 Miles E of Picayune, Mississippi, US
7/5/198519:50 utc---ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES20 miles NW of Ozona, Texas, Us
7/12/198515:08 utc---SOLAR CELL CALIBRATION35 miles W of San Angelo, Texas, Us
10/25/198512:59 utc---BLISS (Balloon-borne Laser In-Situ Sensor)8 miles SW of Palestine, Texas, Us
11/4/198515:28 utc---BLISS (Balloon-borne Laser In-Situ Sensor)8 miles W of Brookhaven, Mississippi, US
11/4/198523:39 utc---SIRIS (Stratospheric InfraRed Interferometer Spectrometer)10 miles SW of Nacogdoches, Texas, US
5/12/198613:53 utc30 hJACEE 6 (Japanese-American Collaborative Emulsion Experiment)14 miles E of Lufkin, Texas, US
7/15/198612:18 utc---SOLAR CELL CALIBRATION36 miles ESE of Midland, Texas, US
9/15/198600:45 utc~ 11 hSIRIS (Stratospheric InfraRed Interferometer Spectrometer)28 miles SW of Fort Stockton, Texas, US
10/15/198614:18 utc---GRIP (Gamma-Ray Imaging Payload)26 miles SW of Greenville, Mississippi, US
7/15/198712:58 utc---MULTI-INSTRUMENTED GONDOLA8 miles W of Coleman, Texas, US
8/19/198712:13 utc---SOLAR CELL CALIBRATIONBalloon failure at 50.000 ft. Payload landed 2.5 miles SE of Elkhart Texas, US
8/23/198712:19 utc---SOLAR CELL CALIBRATION24 miles W of San Angelo Texas, US
4/19/198814:56 utc---SDS (Solar Disk Sextant)10 miles SE of Vicksburg, Mississippi, US
5/11/198812:09 utc---DGT (Directional Gamma-Ray Telescope)2 miles N of Burton, Texas, US
5/12/198814:42 utc16.6 hFIRS-2 (Far infrared Fourier transform spectrometer)8 miles W of San Augustine, Texas, US
5/25/19881:40 utc7 hBIRT (Balloon-borne InfraRed Telescope)18 miles W of Huntsville Texas, US
6/4/19881:34 utc9 hBIRT (Balloon-borne InfraRed Telescope)17 miles NW of Lampasas, Texas, US
6/6/198820:26 utc---HIGH RESOLUTION INTERFEROMETER4 miles NE of Cranfills Gap, Texas, US
7/6/198812:14 utc---MULTI-INSTRUMENTED GONDOLA6 miles e of San Saba, Texas, US
8/4/198813:58 utc---SOLAR CELL CALIBRATIONBalloon failure at 41.000 ft. Payload recovered 2 miles NW of palestine, Texas, US
8/7/198813:50 utc---SOLAR CELL CALIBRATION8 miles S of Roscoe, Texas, US
8/25/198812:03 utc---CRYOGENIC AIR COLLECTOR16 miles SW of San Angelo, Texas, US
9/1/19881:11 utc---ACME (Advanced Cosmic Microwave Explorer)26 miles SSE of Midland, Texas, US
9/13/198816:09 utcF 23 h 20 mBLISS (Balloon-Borne Laser In Situ Sensor) + OZONE UV PHOTOMETER + RADIOMETERS6 miles ENE of Maryneal, Texas, US
5/27/198914:18 utcF 18 h 43 mBMLS (Balloon Microwave Limb Sounder) + OZONE UV PHOTOMETER35 miles E of Ft.Stockton, Texas, US
6/5/198914:33 utcF 6 h 20 mBALLOON-BORNE LIDARFreefall from 120 kft. Impact 8 Miles SE of Graham, Texas, US
7/28/198912:48 utc---MULTI-INSTRUMENTED GONDOLA24 miles SSE of Brownwood, Texas, US
7/31/198913:40 utc---CRYOGENIC AIR COLLECTOR39 miles SW of Abilene, Texas, US
8/9/198914:38 utcF 2 h 28 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION28 miles SSW of Coleman, Texas, US
8/25/198915:23 utcF 3 h 54 mMULTI-INSTRUMENTED GONDOLA15 miles SE of Abilene, Texas, US
8/29/198917:03 utcF 3 h 44 mUV SPECTROMETER + OZONE UV PHOTOMETER5 miles W of Roby, Texas, US
7/2/19901:39 utcF 6 h 40 mMAX (Millimeter wavelength Anisotropy eXperiment)23 miles WNW of San Angelo, Texas, US
7/20/199013:33 utcF 1 h 17 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATIONFreefall from 120 kft. 25 Miles N of Brady, Texas, US
9/6/199013:19 utcF 4 h 48 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION16 miles S of Mexia, Texas, US
5/25/19912:32 utcF 12 h 9 mBICE (Balloon-borne Infrared Carbon Explorer)14 miles NW of Big Spring, Texas, US
6/4/19910:48 utcF 9 h 18 mMAX (Millimeter wavelength Anisotropy eXperiment)20 miles SE of Abilene, Texas, US
6/11/19910:13 utcF 8 h 21 mBICE (Balloon-borne Infrared Carbon Explorer)16 miles NE of Wink, Texas, US
8/1/199113:56 utcF 2 h 55 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION17 miles NNW of San Angelo, Texas, US
6/5/199200:59 utcF 6 h 39 mMSAM-1 (Medium-Scale Anisotropy Measurement)30 miles N of Brownwood, Texas, US
8/1/199212:59 utcF 2 h 53 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION24 miles E of San Angelo, Texas, US
8/29/199213:51 utcF 6 h 26 mTECHNOLOGICAL FLIGHT15 miles SW of Coleman, Texas, US
5/21/19931:10 utcF 6 h 8 mGRATIS (Gamma Ray Arcminute Telescope Imaging System)23 miles NE of Victoria, Texas, US
6/14/199317:21 utcF 8 h 52 mEXITE-2 (Energetic X-ray Imaging Telescope Experiment) + MIXE70 miles NE of Abilene, Texas, US
6/16/19931:17 utcF 7 hMAX (Millimeter wavelength Anisotropy eXperiment)3 miles NW of Miles, Texas, US
6/22/199310:25 utcF 6 h 17 mHEIDI (High Energy Imaging Device)50 miles SW of Ozona, Texas, US
7/29/199312:04 utcF 4 h 31 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION10 miles SW of Eldorado, Texas, US
6/2/19941:00 utcF 10 13 mMSAM-1 (Medium-Scale Anisotropy Measurement)25 miles W of Odessa, Texas, US
6/7/199400:12 utcF 7 h 36 mGRATIS (Gamma Ray Arcminute Telescope Imaging System)9 miles E of Menard, Texas, US
6/20/199401:16F 8 hMAX (Millimeter wavelength Anisotropy eXperiment)7 miles SW of Barnhart, Texas, US
8/6/199412:42 utcF 6 h 2 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION10 miles S of Ballinger, Texas, US
6/1/199514:10 utcF 21 h 37 mPORTIA (Piggyback Room Temperature Instrument for Astronomy)7 miles NE of Sterling City, Texas, US
6/13/19951:22 utcF 7 h 42 mTRIP (Telescope Raffreddato Infrarosso Pallone)12 miles SW of Brady, Texas, US
7/8/19950:45 utcF 4 hBAM (Balloon-borne Anisotropy Measurement)17 miles SSW of Monohans, Texas, US
8/10/199512:28 utc SOLAR CELL CALIBRATIONBalloon failure. Impact 12 miles W of Palestine, Texas, US
8/31/199512:28 utcF 4 hSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION12 miles S of Carbon, Texas, US
9/3/19954:41 utcF 6 h 46 mMAXIMA (Millimeter anisotropy experiment imaging array)--- No Data ---
6/17/19960:53 utcF 8 h 20 mQMAP15 miles N of Midland, Texas, US
6/30/199613:48 utcF 4 hSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION12 miles SE of Big Srings, Texas, US
8/8/199612:40 utcF 3 h 48 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION20 miles SE of Midland, Texas, US
6/11/199713:34 utcF 4 h 32 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION15 miles WNW of San Saba, Texas, US
7/25/199712:23 utcF 3 h 21 mLXeGRIT (Liquid Xenon Gama-Ray Imaging Telescope)10 miles NW of Sterling City, Texas, US
8/2/199712:26 utcF 4 hSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION--- No Data ---
8/12/199719:03 cst3 h 30 mBOOMERANG (Balloon Observations of Millimetric Extragalactic Radiation and Geophysics)2 miles SW of Mount Calm, Texas, US
8/14/199712:11 utcF 41 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION12 miles NW of Morgan City, Texas, US
8/24/199713:14 utcF 3 h 59 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION12 miles SE of Sonora, Texas, US
8/25/199711:48 utcF 4 h 14 mLXeGRIT (Liquid Xenon Gama-Ray Imaging Telescope)15 miles SE of Midland, Texas, US
8/29/199719:25 cstF 5 h 56 mBOOMERANG (Balloon Observations of Millimetric Extragalactic Radiation and Geophysics)18 miles SSE of Fort Stockton, Texas, US
8/1/199800:58 utcF 4 h 20 mMAXIMA (Millimeter anisotropy experiment imaging array)15 miles S of Odessa, Texas, US
8/15/199812:52 utcF 5 h 3 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION20 miles N of Abilene, Texas, US
8/18/199811:56 utcF 6 h 23 mRADIATION TEST OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITSN of Rosco, Texas, US
8/25/199800:08 utcF 5 h 20 mBAM (Balloon-borne Anisotropy Measurement)--- No Data ---
6/14/199912:01 utcF 5 h 15 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION16 miles SW of Lometra, Texas, US
6/17/199900:08 utcF 8 h 31 mMAXIMA (Millimeter anisotropy experiment imaging array)15 miles N of Sterling City, Texas, US
7/6/19991:14 utcF 6 h 33 mSPRITES DETECTION5 miles W of Knickobacker, Texas, US
7/6/199913:03 utcF 5 h 8 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION5 miles W of Knickobacker, Texas, US
6/27/200012:48 utcF 3 hSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION14 miles NW of Stephenville, Texas, US
7/5/200012:25 utcF 3h 6 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION35 miles SW of Abilene, Texas, US
7/5/200000:55 utc8 hNIGHTGLOW17 miles NW of Big Lake, Texas, US
7/7/200022:28 utcF 3 h 20 mINTERFEROMETER / SPECTROMETER10 miles NE of Coleman, Texas, US
8/18/200000:59 utc---INFOCµS (International Focusing Optics Collaboration for µCrab Sensitivity)Balloon failure in the launch pad. No flight
8/29/200000:29 utcF 4 hINFOCµS (International Focusing Optics Collaboration for µCrab Sensitivity)20 miles SW of Menara, Texas, US
6/26/200114:11 utc5 h 51 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION12 miles W of Ballinger, Texas, US
7/4/200113:58 utc6 h 28 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION15 miles of Robert Lee, Texas, US
7/5/20011:11 utc7 h 32 mINFOCµS (International Focusing Optics Collaboration for µCrab Sensitivity)40 miles NE of Midland, Texas, US
8/4/200116:49 utc~ 5 hGLAST BFEM (Gamma-Ray Large Area Space Telescope - Balloon Flight Engineering Model)22 miles NE of Big Lake, Texas, US
7/6/200215:32 utc3 h 45 mULDB (Ultra Long Duration Balloon)5 miles ESE of Turnnerville, Texas, US
7/9/200212:57 utc6 h 25 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION7 miles E of Wingate, Texas, US
7/25/200213:15 utc~ 5 hSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION4 miles of Brownwood,Texas, US
6/15/2003 10 h 41 mARCADE (Absolute Radiometer for Cosmology, Astrophysics, and Diffuse Emission)20 miles ENE of Snyder,Texas, US
7/13/200313:39 utc6 h 27 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION14 miles SSE of San Angelo,Texas, US
8/7/200315:10 utc5 h 3 mPARACHUTE SYSTEM TEST FLIGHT20 miles SE of San Angelo,Texas, US
8/11/200313:45 utc6 hSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION65 miles NW of Austin,Texas, US
8/15/200313:18 utc4 h 24 mPARACHUTE SYSTEM TEST FLIGHT16 miles W of Brownwood, Texas, US
8/16/20039:16 utc8 h 7 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION15 miles of Water Valley, Texas, US
8/9/200413:33 utc7 h 45 mSOLAR CELL CALIBRATION6 miles WSW of Water Valley, Texas, US
8/11/200412:15 utc9 h 52 mLDB SUBSYSTEMS TEST5 miles SE of Gail, Texas, US
7/24/2005N25 mARCADE 2 (Absolute Radiometer for Cosmology, Astrophysics, and Diffuse Emission)Ground abort.The termination system malfunctioned during the launch and separated the balloon from the payload.
7/28/20051:42 utc9 h 11 mARCADE 2 (Absolute Radiometer for Cosmology, Astrophysics, and Diffuse Emission)51 miles ENE of Fort Stockton, Texas, US
7/21/20061:15 utc7 h 51 mARCADE 2 (Absolute Radiometer for Cosmology, Astrophysics, and Diffuse Emission)40 miles SE of Fort Stockton, Texas, US
6/21/200713:06 utc9 h 20 mGRAPE (Gamma Ray Polarimeter Experiment) + CASTER (Coded Aperture Survey Telescope for Energetic Radiation)32 miles SSE of Post, Texas, US
7/11/2007 ---37H BALLOON TESTAborted launch
7/18/200700:02 utc5 h 38 mLEE (Low Energy Electrons) + MIP (Micro-Instrumentation Package) test25 miles SW of San Angelo,Texas, US
7/22/20071:16 utc6 h 35 mFIREBALL (Faint Intergalactic-medium Redshifted Emission Balloon)38 miles SE of Odessa, Texas, US