Holloman Air Force Base is located approximately 145 kilometers north of El Paso, Texas, and 43 kilometers west of Alamogordo, New Mexico. The landscape is of high desert country with an average elevation of about 1250 meters, and 300 square miles of mountainous terrain with peaks extending up to 9,000 feet Mean Sea Level (MSL). On its western edge is located the White Sands Missile Range (WSMR) which operated complementary for many of the missions conducted at Holloman offering a suitable open terrain to drop things.

The base occupies 24,153 hectares of land and houses 4,900 military, 870 civilian personnel, and is home to 380 members of the German Air Force.


Base history and early balloon activity

On June 10, 1942 Alamogordo Army Air Field was established at a site six miles west of Alamogordo, New Mexico. Initial plans were set to use the base for the British Overseas Training whom hoped to train their aircrews over the open New Mexico skies. However, everything changed when the Japanese launched a surprise attack against the Hawaiian Islands on December 7, 1941. As the British cancelled the program, the US military saw the location as an opportunity to train its own growing air force. Construction at the airfield began on February 6, 1942 and forces began to move in on May 14, 1942.

Launch of a MOGUL balloonDuring three years, Alamogordo AAF served as the training grounds for over 20 different groups, flying primarily B-17s, B-24s, and B-29s. Typically, these groups trained at the airfield for about six months, before heading to combat in either the Pacific or European Theater.

After World War II, rumors spread concerning the closure of the site, fueled by the fact that most operations had ceased. However, in 1947 the Air Materiel Command announced the air field would be its primary location for the testing and development of unmanned aircraft, guided missiles, and other research programs. The Holloman Air Development Center had born.

On January 13, next year the Alamogordo installation was renamed Holloman Air Force Base, in honor of the late Col. George V. Holloman, a pioneer in guided missile research.

Launch of a free fall mission for the Free Fall Test Vehicle projectThe Balloon Branch at Holloman got its start in 1947 after the Air Materiel Command of the then Army Air Force awarded to New York University (NYU) a contract to develop and fly high-altitude balloons. In those times US authorities were aware of the fact that probably the Soviets were pursuing their own atomic bomb, so the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) started a study about long range detection of nuclear detonations throught the so called "Atmospheric Sound Channel". For this purpose they used balloons that carried low frequency acoustic detectors to the stratosphere, which would "hear" the compression waves generated by such a test. The codename of the secret program was "Mogul" and at first it used large trains of neoprene balloons and then switched to the innovative polyethilene balloons developed by General Mills Inc. of Minneapolis.

The firsts balloon launches of the program took place on early June 1947, under the guidance of a NYU team, and with support of the newly created Balloon Operations unit. One "service" flight performed on June 4th using several neoprene balloons failed soon after launched and landed in the ranch of Marc Brazel in New Mexico who found the debris the next morning making headlines across the nation that a "flying saucer" had crash. Thirty years later this happening will be known as the "Roswell Incident" becoming one of the cornerstones of the UFO myth. Several other missions followed during June that first ill-fated test flight, and on July 3 was launched for the first time a MOGUL mission using several polyethilene balloons in tandem.

Although the entire effort would probe not succesful in his primary goal, it boosted the development and testing of constant level balloons and paved the way to create one of the most active balloon launch sites in the United States for the years to come.

By 1948 the launches started to be performed by Air Force personnel, and the next year was officially organized the Balloon Branch as a subdivision within the Electronic and Atmospheric Projects section at Holloman AFB being operated by the Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories (AFCRL). July 21, 1950 marked the start of operations for the branch with the launch of the first polyethilene balloon devoted to perform atmospheric sampling.


From Animals and Dummys to Whales and spy balloons

Launch of a MOBY DICK balloon using the covered wagon launch techniqueIn those early years, the balloons launched from Holloman were part of a wide range of experiences that involved from their use as targets for missile tests to high-altitude missions that photographed the moon, the sun, and the stars. Another important research was developed in the field of the cosmic rays, using animals sent for long exposure times to the stratosphere in specially built sealed capsules, to asses how these particles affected their celular growing and descendence. This late project was carried out by the Aeromedical Field Laboratory (AMFL) and often this activity led to the transport of all the launch hardware to places located farther north to allow a better exposition of the test subjects to cosmic radiation.

Launch of a HIGH DIVE balloon transporting an antropomorphic dummyIn June 1951, Air Force Headquarters approved a project proposed by AFCRL to obtain more accurate data on high-altitude winds by using instrumented polyethylene balloons. The initiative carried out under the name of project "MOBY DICK" started at Holloman with early technological launches and later went to full scale with more than 500 balloons flown from several sites along the United States. As a spin off of the program a variety of new systems and launch techniques were developed and deep knowledge of wind patterns was gained. Of the hundreds of balloons launched by the Balloon Branch for "MOBY DICK", many have crossed the Atlantic Ocean and managed to reach remote places like Azores Islands, North Africa, Spain, England and Norway.

Although "Moby Dick" was widely recognized as a scientific project, another effort that used much of the information gained on wind patterns had a more secret twist: the development of a then secret high resolution photographic camera and several other items under "Project GOPHER". This was part of a strategic reconnaisance operation aimed to spy the Soviet Union called "Genetrix" taht used balloons launched from several cities of Europe. That massive and useless balloon invasion of the countries behind the iron curtain took place in early 1956. Holloman served as launch place for several flight test of "GOPHER" since August 1952 when Air Force terminated the original contract for the project with General Mills and transferred the operations to the Balloon Branch.

View of a sequence of the movie ON THE THRESHOLD OF THE SPACE showing the Skylight gondolaAnother important project carried out at Holloman was "HIGH DIVE", a study of high-altitude escape systems. Under this initiative, the group assisted with dozens of balloon flights that carried life-sized anthropomorphic dummies to high altitudes where they were released to test different types of parachutes and to study the rate of spin that they acquired with conventional systems. Several of these launches were conducted from remote locations around the base to take advantage in different months of the prevailing winds to drop the Dummies inside the restricted areas of the WSMR.

By that time, AFCRL assumed within the Air Force program the overall responsability of all the development work in the field of ballooning, which become an important part of the activity carried out at Holloman AFB.

A singular milestone was set on 1956 when the balloon branch assisted 20th Century Fox in the making of the movie "On The Threshold of Space". Aside the guest appearance of Holloman personnel as extras in the film, a pair of balloon flights were performed with a dummy spherical gondola dubbed "Skylight" to obtain shots that later would be included in the movie.

As far as we know this was the only movie ever filmed that included stratospheric balloons as "main characters" of the plot.


Manned balloon flights

Between late 50's and early 60's various projects involved the execution of manned balloon missions. Several low level flights to train personel were also conducted by the USAF as part of the effort of the "MANHIGH" project, whose third and last flight in 1958 was launched from Holloman.

Launch of the Manhigh III gondola from Holloman AFBThe next year the base was the neural point of another manned program called "EXCELSIOR" which was a continuation of the "HIGH DIVE" effort but using instead of antropomorphic dummies a human pilot to jump from the stratosphere. The objective was to test a new parachute system developed by Francis Baupre for high altitude bailouts. After two more or less succesfull jumps in 1959, US Air Force Captain Joseph W. Kittinger (who also was pilot of the first "MANHIGH" balloon mission performed in Minnesota in 1957) stepped out from a open gondola at an altitude of 102,800 feet on August 16 1960, plummeting towards the ground for more than four minutes, before finally opening his parachute at an altitude of 18,000 feet setting a record still unbeated. No person had ever parachuted to Earth from a higher altitude.

Kittinger would return to the balloon flight a third time two years after "EXCELSIOR" jumps under the aegis of project "STARGAZER". It began in 1959 to study high-altitude astronomical phenomena from above 95 percent of the Earth's atmosphere, which allowed undistorted visual and photographic observations of the stars and planets.

Launch of the Stargazer gondola from Holloman AFBOn December 13 1962, Kittinger and the astronomer William White rose to an altitude of 82,200 feet from Holloman AFB. In addition to obtaining valuable telescopic observations, the flight provided useful information for the development of pressure suits and associated life support systems. Despite the success, the rest of the planned flights of the project were never materialized due to lack of funds, thus "STARGAZER" become the closing act of the high altitude manned balloon history: outside some private efforts carried out by civilians, no new flights would be ever attempted by any federal agency or the military.

1961 will see the first of the many changes of dependency within the Air Force, as the Balloon Branch including its test programs, facilities and resources became a part of the AFCRL's Research Instrumentation Laboratory. The list of experiments performed during those times by Holloman's balloon branch is huge so any intent to mention all of them would render endless this text, however one experience worth of mention was BANSHEE (acronym for Balloon and Nike Scaled High Explosions Experiments), a project aimed to determine the destructive potential of explosions at various altitudes as part of a program to develope an effective antimissile system. Balloons carried huge pentolite explosive spheres and instruments, to measure the blast effects at altitudes between 38.000 and 115.000 feet. The program required several developments including the reconfiguration of a M48A2 tank as payload launch vehicle to allow a safe place to stay for the personnel that handled the balloon trains in those missions that carried the powerful explosives.


Drop tests and Atmospheric sampling

Another singular part of the balloon activity at Holloman was devoted to test several space probes and capsules destinated to explore the planets of our solar system. These vehicles were released in ballistic flights from stratospheric balloons to study their reentry behaviour in an environment of similar density to the atmosphere of Mars or Jupiter.

View of the launch of the PEPP aeroshell from Roswell AFBThis kind of missions started in the 60's with a first drop test of a nosecone similar to the one of the DISCOVERER XII spy satellite and continued through the following decades with projects like VOYAGER (Mars) , GALILEO (Jupiter) , VIKING (Mars), PIONEER (Venus) or programs like the PEPP (Planetary Entry Parachute Program) which studied the best way to decelerate a vehicle reentering from orbit, using a saucer shaped aeroshell. Most of the launches were performed from the Walker Air Force Base (renamed after 1967 as Roswell Industrial Air Center) to allow a safe descent at restricted space inside White Sands Missile Range.

A great amount of balloon flights were devoted to atmospheric sampling. One of the longer lasting programs on this field was Project ASHCAN established in 1956 by the US Atomic Energy Commission. It consisted initially in a single balloon-borne system to obtain air samples at certain altitudes to mesure radionucleotides that had been supposedly blasted into the stratosphere by nuclear tests conducted by the Russians, Chinese, and others. The Ashcan flights gathered dust from the stratosphere, providing experts with a vast amount of information concerning the capabilities and activities of the United States' adversaries.

Although from the start ASHCAN was operated by the Air Weather Service, in 1972 the Energy Research and Development Administration transferred responsability for the balloon operations to AFCRL's Aerospace Instrumentation Laboratory, starting to launch the ASHCAN balloons from Holloman AFB as well continued to support other flights for the project in several remote locations like Alaska and Panama.


Infrastructure

View of the legendary building 850 in Holloman AFB. It was the place where all balloon activities were coordinated Let's make a pause in the history of the balloon activities at Holloman AFB to make focus in the infrastructure available for the task along the time.

As occur with several other launch bases which where part or functioned inside military bases, there is no much detailed information available on the topic.

As far as we know for the balloon launches the branch counted with a specially built concrete rectangular area located close to the legendary high speed test track in the west side of the base which became the neural point of balloon operations.

View of the legendary building 850 in Holloman AFB. It was the place where all balloon activities were coordinatedThe place is known as the Nenninger Site in honor of Maj. Richard L. Nenninger who died on April 7, 1970 as a result of the injuries received in an aircraft crash in the Sacramento Mountains, during a balloon recovery mission. A number of launches were also performed from the base runway itself and aditionally those missions which involved very sensitive payloads or explosives were launched from remote locations in the north boundaries of the base.

All operations were prepared, followed and controlled from the Balloon Operations Center, inside Building 850 in Holloman AFB. There were located the administrative offices, a big payload integration hall and all the balloon support instrumentation: telemetry, flight control, flight safety, data acquisition and display, inflight tracking, communications and navigation. Also the building counted with a complete weather station, machine shop, instrumentation lab, parachute shop, and a small altitude chamber. On regard mobile facilities the balloon branch counted with instrumented vans for radio command communications, telemetry and flight tracking, allowing the group to perform launches everywhere.

View of a launch using a crane as launch vehicle. It was the most common sight during operations at the baseAs can be seen in the pictures, there is a tendency to use big cranes as launch vehicles at Holloman operations. This has its origin in a then new launch technique developed by the Balloon Branch in the 50's to overcome unsatisfactory results with previous launch procedures.

In this new launch technique the payload is tied to the crane boom before inflation of the balloon and elevated with the crane. The balloon is then inflated and hold in place by means of a roller or spool mounted in a launch platform. The crane is moved down wind simultaneously with release of the balloon from the launch platform, and the payload released from the end of the boom by electrical cutting squibs. This technique evolved from a static type crane launch where the balloon was inflated before the payload is tied in then captured by the boom. Later developments included a vertical inflation with crane and a semi-crane capture system.


On new hands

In the mid-1970s, the balloon program experienced some troubles having a large number of balloon failures. This situation caused the Air Force to seek a contractor to assume overall management of the operations. So, in 1976 the first major ballooning contract (valued at about $300,000 per year) was awarded to the Physical Science Laboratory (PSL) of New Mexico State University (NMSU) in Las Cruces which took control of the operations in fiscal year 1977. The addition of an external contractor proved a success as flight and mission failures dropped during the first several years of the contract.

Insignia de la unidad de globos de HollomanAlthough still on those times the group was refered to as "the balloon branch" the official denomination was Air Force Geophysical Laboratory Detachment 1.

During the remainder of the 70's and the following decade, the amount of balloon flights performed at Holloman AFB decreased accompanying a global trend. Of these, several were devoted to military and defense programs. Remote sensing and detection was the most active field. Two examples of payloads flown on those years at Holloman were DUCKY and ABLE. The first one was an experiment devoted to make gravity measurements from a high-altitude balloon to verify global and upward-continued gravity models while the second was a developmental program that tested the needed technology for space lidar platforms to be deployed in future missions on the Space Shuttle or on a dedicated satellite.

Another remarkable experiment was BAMM (Balloon Altitude Mosaic Measurements) a program designed to make temporal, spatial, and spectral measurements of earth backgrounds in the infrared. It was commissioned by the Air Force Space Division to generate data in support of an advanced warning system being developed at the time. The spinoff of the program would be a sensor capable of characterizing the exhaust plumes of the thrusters aboard post-boost vehicles, a primary target for the infrared sensors of the proposed defense system.

Also during this time was continued the ASHCAN sampling program performing flights in a more or less regular basis until the termination of the effort in 1982. However, some additional flights were performed for very specific tasks. One os such missions was carried out in 1984 to catch traces of radioactive debris from the burnup of the nuclear powered russian satellite COSMOS 1402 destroyed in reentry over the South Atlantic Ocean in Febraury 1983.


From the sands of New Mexico to the ice of Antarctica

View of the prepartions of the GRAD payload outside the integration building in Holloman AFB (Image Copyright Gunther Eichhorn) In mid 80's, totally unconnected with the balloon activities at Holloman AFB, a spectrometer called GRAD (Gamma Ray Advanced Detector) was developed by a joint effort of the University of Florida, DARPA, and the Goddard Space Flight Center. It was waiting its turn to fly on a Space Shuttle mission, when two happenings would change its fate: the Challenger disaster in January 1986 and the apparition of the Supernova 1987A in the southern hemisphere skies in Febraury 1987. As a result of the unexpected mishap, the instrument -at the time completely qualified for spaceflight- was forced to stay in the ground undefinelly, while in the sky was developing a unique celestial event.

Not resigned to missing the astrophysical event of the century, the GRAD team quickly contacted the Air Force Geophysical Laboratory (NASA's National Scientific Balloon Facility was not an option as they would be very busy launching payloads from Australia for the same purpose) and asked if the balloon branch could manage the launch of GRAD under a stratospheric balloon from Antarctica.

View of the adapted launch system on a DElta-3 truck (Image Copyright Gunther Eichhorn)After preliminary meetings between March and July of 1987 the challenging nature of that mission was clear: all preparations would be driven by a set of inflexible deadlines imposed by natural circumstances, meaning that the team would have only four months to get the instrument and flight gear developed, integrated, tested and loaded onto a C-l4l cargo plane scheduled to depart the United States for Antarctica on 13 November. A month later the experimenters and launch crew would arrive at McMurdo Station, and the first launch attempt would be scheduled for the first week of January. Leaving aside the busy schedule, the most important issue was that GRAD would be the first experiment using a balloon of that size in the white continent.

The launch site choosen was Williams Field Airport near McMurdo Station, instead of the original plan to launch from the Amundsen-Scott base at the south pole. The main reason was the better logistic support offered by that place. The transformation of GRAD in a balloon-borne instrument required several adaptations including the developing of a gondola to mount it and a novel pointing system to get the instrument aligned to the sun (assigned to the University of Florida), to design a solar power system for the gondola (New Mexico State University), to devise a method of tracking the balloon as it drifted out of range of Williams Field (Aerospace Corporation) and to create a telemetry system that would operate from an airborne LC-130 plane (assigned to AFGL). All parties had to ship their respective components to Holloman AFB by October 9 for integration and testing of the completed system.

The Grad balloon ascending (Image Copyright Gunther Eichhorn)With the support of National Science Foundation and its contractors that prepared staging and launch facilities in McMurdo and constructed a launch gantry to fit onto the bed of a Delta-3 vehicle, in December 16 the scientific team and launch crew set foot on the ice and started the integration phase of the missions seting up and testing all the systems while the GRAD instrument was prepraed for the flight. Aside several problems that arose due to the complexity of the task, the balloon was finally launched on January 8, 1988 and terminated 3 days later after traveling 1440 kms at a mean altitude of 34.5 kms.

Although shorter than expected the flight proved succesful detecting anisotropic features in the background and despite a full circle around the south pole was not completed, from the ballooning point of view the mission had set several milestones that paved the way to present Antarctic balloon launch capability. Also it was one of the highest achievements of the balloon group on the decade.

The years to come would see a sharp decrease in the amount of balloon launches as well several modifications that will change the face of the program forever.

Balloon operations in last years

In middle 90's as ocurred before, the balloon branch experienced a complete restructuration but this time also suffered a full relocation being no longer an independent group. The balloon program is now under direct managment of the Vehicles Space Experiment Integration, headquartered at Kirtland Air Force Base in Albuquerque, and under the umbrella of the Air Force Research Laboratory located at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Ohio. All balloon activities (both free and tethered) are enclosed in the Near-Space Access Program.

View of the preparations for a launch in mid 90s at Nenninger SiteTheir main facility is located on the west side of Kirtland AFB, and is known as the Aerospace Engineering Facility (AEF). It is devoted to space experiment integration, verification, and testing and is operated by the Air Force Research Laboratory's Space Technology Integration and Demonstration Division. The AEF houses a 60 foot tall, 4,500 squarefoot high bay laboratory for the assembly testing of all kind of space flight hardware (not only balloon-borne experiments); and count with a clean room, three environmental chambers, a thermal vacuum chamber, three vibration tables and a copper screen room to conduct electromagnetic compatibility/susceptibility testing. The facility also includes electrical and mechanical labs, and a machine shop for hardware fabrication. As occured in recent decades a contractor (Applied Technology Associates, a defense firm from Albuquerque, New Mexico) is in charge of the operations.

With all these changes and with the operative focus and main facility of the balloon projects in Kirtland AFB, only a few traces of the old balloon glory days are still present at Holloman AFB. The only remaining infrastructure for balloon operations at Holloman is the Nenninger Site that still is used for sporadic balloon launches. As far as we know, Building 850 is not in use anymore. It was abbandoned a few years ago and there are plans to demolish it in the near future.

Only a few flights per year are being done in a very irregular basis.

Balloon launched list

DateHourFlight DurationExperimentPayload landing place or cause of the failure
6/5/19475:17 mst5 h 50 mMOGUL PROJECT # 5Roswell, New Mexico, US
7/2/19475:09 mst8 hMOGUL PROJECT # 7Cloudcroft, New Mexico, US
7/3/1947 ---First flight of a polyethylene balloon from Holloman AFB--- No Data ---
7/5/19475:01 mst9 hMOGUL PROJECT # 10Not recovered
7/7/19475:08 mst---MOGUL PROJECT # 11Not recovered
9/9/194716:47 mst7 hMOGUL PROJECT # 17In Croft, Kansas, US
5/10/194820:33 mst24.5 hMOGULIn Val D'Or, Quebec, Canadá
4/29/1949 ---FFTV (Free Fall Test Vehicle)--- No Data ---
5/??/1950 ----- No Data --Myrdal, Norway
7/21/1950 2 hSAMPLING APPARATUSTularosa Peak, New Mexico, US
7/27/1950 27 hSAMPLING APPARATUSParker Dam, California, US
8/10/1950 1 h 15 mSANDBAGS - (Test of recovery techniques)10 Miles SW, Holloman AFB, N.Mexico, US
8/29/195005:30 ?10 mTEST FLIGHT10 Miles NW, Holloman AFB, N.Mexico, US
8/29/1950 ---TEST FLIGHT3 Miles NW of Valmont, New Mexico, US
9/8/19506:25 local7 hANIMAL CAPSULE (ALBERT PROJECT) + DOSIMETER3 Miles N of Mayhill, New Mexico, US
9/16/19507:40 local4 hSPECTROGRAPH + DOSIMETER80 miles NNE of Holloman AFB, New Mexico, US
9/28/19506:30 local3h 40mANIMAL CAPSULE (ALBERT PROJECT) + DOSIMETERIn Strip 2, Holloman AFB, New Mexico, US
11/29/1950 2 h 30 mCANISTER + DOSIMETER18 miles NW of Holloman AFB, New Mexico, US
1/18/1951 1 h 20 mCanister and dosímeter10 miles W of Hope, New Mexico, US, US
1/26/1951 1 h 35 mAEROBEE NOSE CONE22 Miles NW of Tularosa, New Mexico, US
4/7/1951 15 hMELPAR TRANSMITTERIn Greenville, Mississippi, US
4/7/1951 7 hMELPAR TRANSMITTERIn Sweetwater, Texas, US
4/16/1951 ---MELPAR TRANSMITTERIn West Virginia, US
4/20/1951 15 hMELPAR TRANSMITTERAspermont, Texas, US
5/3/1951 2 hAIR SAMPLING APPARATUS + DOSIMETER10 Miles ENE of Cloudcroft, New Mexico, US
5/8/1951 3 hMELPAR TRANSMITTERColumbus, Mississippi, US
5/10/1951 3 hAIR SAMPLING APPARATUS18 Miles E of Mayhill, New Mexico, US
5/24/1951 ---MELPAR TRANSMITTER--- No Data ---
6/22/1951 25 mULTRAVIOLET SPECTROGRAPHHolloman AFB, New Mexico, US
8/16/1951 5 hDUMMY LOAD (SAND BAGS)Near White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico, US
8/23/1951 2 hANIMAL CAPSULEIn a point called Peter 15, Holloman AFB, New Mexico, US
8/29/1951 1 h 15 mSOLAR CONSTANT MEASUREMENTSLa Luz, New Mexico, US
9/5/1951 6 h 30 mANIMAL CAPSULEIn the Fort Bliss Artillery Range, Texas, US
9/7/1951 11 hANIMAL CAPSULEIn Craig, New Mexico, US
9/8/1951 ---TRACK PLATESNo flight. Balloon destroyed during inflation
9/9/1951 1 h 30 mTRACK PLATESNear Pinon, New Mexico, US
9/21/1951 16 hINFRARED GEARNever recovered
9/26/1951 4 hTRACK PLATESNear Pinon, New Mexico, US
10/3/1951 2 h---No Data---35 Miles SE of Hondo, New Mexico, US
10/16/1951 2 hDUMMY LOAD (SAND BAGS)Mescalero Reservation, New Mexico, US
10/18/1951 2 hCOMMAND RELEASE GEAR TESTNW of Cloudcroft, New Mexico, US
11/6/1951 2 hMOBY DICK (MODEL # 2 TEST)Oro Grande, New Mexico, US
11/10/1951 35 hMOBY DICK (MODEL # 2 TEST)Lake Charles, Louisiana, US
11/13/1951 ---MOBY DICK (MODEL # 2 TEST)Oro Grande, New Mexico, US
11/14/1951 15 h 30 mMOBY DICK (MODEL # 2 TEST)Guntersville, Alabama, US
11/20/1951 43 h 25 mMOBY DICK (MODEL # 2 TEST)200 miles E of Charleston, South Carolina, US
11/28/1951 25 mTRACK PLATES2 Miles NE from launch site
11/30/195115:40 local7 h 30 mTRACK PLATES1 Mile NE of Hobbs, New Mexico, US
12/21/1951 4 hPROJECT GOPHER GEAR7 miles W of Abilene, Texas, US
12/28/1951 3 h 10 mPROJECT GOPHER GEAR12 Miles SE of Hobbs, New Mexico, US
1/23/1952 4 hPROJECT GOPHER GEAR--- No Data ---
1/29/1952 44 hMOBY DICK (MODEL # 3 TEST)In coordinates 28.1° N 74.4° W
2/2/1952 36 hMOBY DICK (MODEL # 3 TEST)In coordinates 34.4° N 73.5° W
2/6/1952 9 h 30 mMOBY DICK (MODEL # 3 TEST)--- No Data ---
2/9/1952 47 h 25 mMOBY DICK (MODEL # 3 TEST)In coordinates 28.2° N 73.4° W
2/14/1952 92 hMOBY DICK (MODEL # 3 TEST)NE from Montreal, Canada
2/19/1952 48 hMOBY DICK (MODEL # 3 TEST)Hope, kansas, US
2/20/1952 43 hCOSMIC RAY PLATESAguilar, Colorado, US
2/22/1952 40 hMOBY DICK (MODEL # 3 TEST)Gulf of California, US
2/27/1952 62 hMOBY DICK (MODEL # 3 TEST)13 Miles N od Stark, Louisiana, US
2/27/1952 1 h 30 mCOSMIC RAY PLATESHope, New Mexico, US
3/3/1952 1 hMOBY DICK (MODEL # 3 TEST)Hope, New Mexico, US
3/18/1952 10 hCOSMIC RAY PLATES6 Miles NE of Dora, New Mexico, US
4/8/1952 4 hCOSMIC RAY PLATES15 Miles SE of Caprock, New Mexico, US
4/15/1952 11 hCOSMIC RAY PLATES + FRUIT FLIES15 Miles SW of Salinas Peak, New Mexico, US
4/24/1952 28 hSPHERE3 miles W of Arrey, New Mexico, US
5/1/1952 5 h 10 mSAMPLER + SOLAR RADIATION GEAR20 miles SW of Salt Flats, New Mexico, US
5/15/1952 23 h 30 mMOBY DICK DUMMY LOAD + FRUIT FLIES38 miles NE of Carrizozo, New Mexico, US
5/28/1952 3 h 30 mSPECTROGRAPH5 miles NE of Pinon, New Mexico, US
6/5/1952 1 hDUMMY LOAD - MOBY DICK PROJECT15 miles SW of Pinon, New Mexico, US
6/10/1952 4 hDUMMY LOAD - BARRELElephant Butte Dam, New Mexico, US
7/10/1952 10 h 30 mCOSMIC RAY PLATESGila Bend, Arizona, US
7/11/1952 15 hDUMMY LOAD - MOBY DICK PROJECT28 miles SW of Corona, New Mexico, US
7/15/1952  CANISTER + DOSIMETER (NYU)No flight - Insuficient free lift
7/16/1952 10 h 30 mCANISTER + DOSIMETER (NYU)10 miles S of Casa Grande, Arizona, US
7/18/1952 11 h 30 mCOSMIC RAY PLATES30 miles NE Yuma, Arizona, US
8/13/1952 2 hMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)9 miles W of Tularosa Peak, New Mexico, US
8/15/1952 25 mMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)West Area, Holloman AFB, New Mexico, US
8/18/1952 22 mMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)Water Tower of North Area, Holloman AFB, New Mexico, US
8/19/1952  ---No Data------ No Data ---
8/20/1952 1 h 45 mMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)10 miles N of Tula Peak, New Mexico, US
8/21/1952 2 h 30 mMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)San Andres Mountains, New Mexico, US
8/23/1952 1 h 45 mMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)1 mile W of Strip 2, Holloman AFB, New Mexico, US
8/25/1952 2 h 30 mSAMPLING BOTTLE + INFRARED GEAR10 miles WSW of Salinas Peak, New Mexico, EEUU
8/25/1952 2 hMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)10 miles W of Tula Range Camp, New Mexico, US
8/26/1952 1 hMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)2 miles S of Tula Peak, New Mexico, US
8/27/1952 22 h 30 mMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)Pringle, Texas, US
8/27/1952 2 h 30 mSAMPLING BOTTLE + INFRARED GEAR28 miles NNW of Holloman AFB, New Mexico, US
8/28/1952 ---GOPHER PROJECTLaunch platform failed before balloon release
8/28/1952 33 mMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)N of Aeromedical Laboratory building, Holloman AFB, New Mexico, US
8/29/1952 5 h 30 mGOPHER PROJECT18 miles N of San Lorenzo, New Mexico, US
8/29/1952 33 mMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)Near Dyvad's airport, New Mexico, US
8/29/1952 60 hMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)Recovered 5 months later in Clark, Missouri, US
9/2/1952 1 h 15 mMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)10 Miles SE of Valmont, New Mexico, US
9/2/1952 80 hMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)Recovered 7 weeks later in South Ogema, Saskatchewan, Canada
9/3/1952 80 hMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)Recovered 5 weeks later 30 miles N of Kemmerer, Wyoming; US
9/3/1952 2 h 30 mINFRARED GEAR3 miles SE of Condron Field, New Mexico, US
9/4/1952 4 hGOPHER PROJECTWSW of Truth or Consequences, New Mexico, US
9/4/1952 78 hMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)25 miles NW of Ogden, Utah, US
9/5/1952 32 hMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)37 miles N of Colorado Springs, Colorado, US
9/5/1952 3 h 15 mSOLAR CONSTANT MEASUREMENTS15 miles W of Las Cruces, New Mexico, US
9/5/1952 2 hMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)White Sands Monument, New Mexico, US
9/6/1952 62 hMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)In Arcadia, Nebraska, US
9/7/1952 53 hMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)In Aguilar, Colorado, US
9/8/1952 71 hMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)35.5º N 120.5º W
9/8/1952 36 hMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)20 miles S of Ray, Arizona, US
9/9/1952 1 h 30 mINFRARED GEARBalloon burst at 52.4 kft. Payload recovered 3 miles S of White Sands, New Mexico, US
9/10/1952 71 hMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)Crown Point, New Mexico, US
9/10/1952 6 h 30 mGOPHER PROJECT + RED BAG15 miles NW of Carrizozo, New Mexico, US
9/11/1952 4 hSOLAR CONSTANT MEASUREMENTSNear Salinas Peak, New Mexico, US
9/11/1952 6 hMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)30 miles NE of Prescott, Arizona, US
9/11/1952 30 mMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)6 miles NE of Holloman AFB, New Mexico, US
9/12/1952 44 hMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)In Keyes, Oklahoma, US
9/13/1952 24 h 30 mMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)In Covington, Tennessee, US
9/15/1952 2 h 55 mGOPHER PROJECT + RED BAGNear Strip 1, Holloman AFB, New Mexico, US
9/15/1952 40 hMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)40 miloes W of Carbos, New Mexico, US
9/16/1952 2 h 30 mMOBY DICK (MODEL # 4 TEST)In Covington, Tennessee, US
9/23/1952 2 h 30 mOZONESONDE + CDE--- No Data ---
9/24/1952 ---GOPHER PROJECT + BALLASTVertical inflation. Load smashed on take off. No flight
10/2/1952 40 hGOPHER PROJECT + BALLASTNo Data. Contact lost after 40 hours of flight
10/14/1952 50 hGOPHER PROJECT + BALLASTLast contact over New England, US
10/22/1952 3 h 30 mAIR SAMPLER35 miles ESE of Pinon, New Mexico, US
10/30/1952 3 hAIR SAMPLER10 miles SE of Carlsbad, New Mexico, US
11/14/1952 84 hGOPHER PROJECT + BALLASTBridgeton, New Jersey, US
11/20/1952 3 hSKY BRIGHTNESS MEASUREMENTS20 miles E of Pinon, New Mexico, US
11/21/1952 36 hGOPHER PROJECT5 miles W os Sallisaw, Oklahoma, US
11/21/1952  AIR SAMPLER + SEPARATION GEAR40 miles NE of Lovington, New Mexico, US
12/11/1952 4 h 30 mSOLAR CONSTANT MEASUREMENTS15 miles E of Oro Grande, New Mexico, US
12/15/1952 3 h 20 mSOLAR CONSTANT MEASUREMENTSIn the Fort Bliss Artillery Range, Texas, US
12/16/1952 5 h 15 mSPECTROGRAPH25 miles S of Pinon, New Mexico, US
12/20/1952 ---DUMMY LOAD (SAND BAGS)--- No Data ---
12/30/1952 ---CONTROL BOXSierra Blanca, Texas, US
1/6/1953 1 h 30 mDUMMY LOAD - MOBY DICK PROJECT--- No Data ---
1/9/1953 1 h 50 mDUMMY LOAD - MOBY DICK PROJECT20 miles WNW of Las Cruces, New Mexico, US
1/12/1953 1 h 30 mBALLOON CONTROL BOX5 miles S of Three Rivers, New Mexico, US
1/19/1953 ---BALLOON CONTROL BOXTwin Buttes, Holloman AFB, New Mexico, US
1/21/1953 ---BALLOON CONTROL BOXSierra Blanca, Texas, US
1/26/1953 ---DUMMY LOAD - MOBY DICK PROJECTIn Eagle Nest, New Mexico, US
2/12/1953 24 h 30 mANIMAL CAPSULENear Whiting Naval Air Station, Milton, Florida, US
2/27/1953 3 h 30 mSAMPLER2 miles N of Hobbs, New Mexico, US
3/12/1953 38 hMOBY DICK + MOUSEHOUSEIn Tuscaloosa, Alabama, US
3/18/1953 1 h 36 mNYU CANISTER5 miles E of Mayhill, New Mexico, US
3/20/1953 ---COMMAND SEPARATION GEARAborted flight. Payload damaged on take off. 10 knots winds
3/26/1953 4 hCOMMAND SEPARATION GEARIn Sundown, Texas, US
4/14/1953 24 hCOSMIC RAY PLATES20 miles E of Van Horn, Texas, US
4/24/1953 1 h 45 mCONDUTIVITY METERN of Pinon, New Mexico, US
4/24/1953 14 h 20 mANIMAL CAPSULE100 days later 58 miles NW of Pecos, Texas, US
5/5/1953 45 hANIMAL CAPSULEIn Grayham, Texas, US
5/14/1953 ---DUMMY LOAD - MOBY DICK PROJECTBalloon destroyed in 8 knots wind
6/23/1953 ---SOLAR CONSTANT MEASUREMENTSSepartion failure
6/25/1953 4 hCOMMAND SEPARATION GEAR25 miles W of Truth or Consequences, New Mexico, US
6/26/1953 3 hCOMMAND SEPARATION GEAR3 miles N of Tularosa Peak, New Mexico, US
7/1/1953 2h 30 mOZONE SONDENear Salinas Peak, New Mexico, US
7/2/1953 + 15 hSAND BAGS + COSMIC RAY PLATES--- No Data ---
7/14/1953 4 hSOLAR CONSTANT MEASUREMENTS10 miles E of Hurley, New Mexico, US
7/15/1953 1 h 40 mCONDUCTIVITY METERIn White Sands Proving Grounds, New Mexico, US
7/16/1953 1 h 50 mCONDUCTIVITY METERS of Lake Lucero, Holloman AFB, New Mexico, US
7/22/1953 2 hPROJECT GOPHER - DUMMY CYLINDER--- No Data ---
7/22/1953 ---PROJECT GOPHER - RED BAGHolloman AFB, New Mexico, US
7/24/1953 ---PROJECT GOPHER - RED BAG--- No Data ---
7/28/1953 1 h 45 mPROJECT GOPHER - DUMMY CYLINDER25 miles NW of Holloman AFB, New Mexico, US
8/5/1953 8 h 15 mSKY BRIGHTNESS MEASUREMENTS20 miles SW of Safford, Arizona, US
8/7/1953 ---SKY BRIGHTNESS MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
8/13/1953 15 mSKY BRIGHTNESS MEASUREMENTSHole in balloon. Impact in Holloman AFB, New Mexico, US
8/14/1953 18 h 15 mCYLINDER (Aberdeen Proving Ground)Recovered 5 months later after 15 miles W Collidge Dam, Arizona, US
8/17/1953 8 h 30 mSKY BRIGHTNESS MEASUREMENTSPayload free fell. Impact 9 miles NW of Silver City, New Mexico, US
8/19/1953 3 hNO DATA13 miles N of Hatch, New Mexico, US
8/25/1953 3 hNO DATA15 miles S of Engle, New Mexico, US
8/27/1953 ---NO DATASeparation failure. Not recovered
9/1/1953 3 h 15 mNO DATA2 miles NE of Engle, New Mexico, US
9/16/1953 3 h 45 mDUMMY LOAD (CYLINDER)6.2 miles SSW of Valmont, New Mexico, US
9/21/1953 15 hN.Y.U. CANISTER + RED BAGW of Truth or Consequences, New Mexico, US
9/29/1953 6 h 15 mDUMMY LOAD (CYLINDER)35 miles SSE of Vaughn, New Mexico, US
10/2/1953 1 h 10 mDUMMY LOAD (CYLINDER)Balloon burst at 55.000 ft. Impact near Ruidoso, New Mexico, US
10/15/1953 35 hDUMMY LOAD (CYLINDER)In Saltillo, Mexico
10/21/1953 3 h 25 mCONDUCTIVITY METER--- No Data ---
10/26/1953 2 h 30 mCONDUCTIVITY METER15 miles E of Dunken, New Mexico, US
10/27/1953 2 h 45 mCONDUCTIVITY METER--- No Data ---
10/27/1953 + 50 hDUMMY LOAD (DRUM) - MOBY DICK PROJECTDetected by radar over England
10/30/1953 2 h 55 mCONDUCTIVITY METER10 miles E of Cloudcroft, New Mexico, US
10/30/1953 1 h 40 mCONDUCTIVITY METERIn Pinon, New Mexico, US
11/10/1953 ---DUMMY LOAD (50 GALLONS DRUM)Aborted flight. Hole discovered in balloon after removal of reefer
11/13/1953 2 h 30 mDUMMY LOAD (50 GALLONS DRUM)Balloon failure in altitude. Impact 10 miles S of Ruidoso, New Mexico, US
11/17/1953 1 h 50 mCYLINDER SAMPLER10 miles S of Sacramento Peak, New Mexico, US
11/20/1953 4 hCO2 & C14 SAMPLING12 miles N of Denver City, Texas, US
12/7/1953 30 mPARACHUTE TEST GONDOLA4 miles NW of Alamogordo, New Mexico, US
12/8/1953 8 h10 mCYLINDER SAMPLER30 miles N of Hondo, New Mexico, US
12/10/1953 1 hCYLINDER SAMPLER7 miles SE of Cloudcroft, New Mexico, US
12/15/1953 8 h 10 mCYLINDER SAMPLER10 miles E of Heathden, New Mexico, US
12/16/1953 12 hANIMAL AEROMEDICAL CAPSULE37 miles E of El Paso, Texas, US
1/6/1954 8 hCYLINDER SAMPLER33 miles S of Hobbs, New Mexico, US
1/14/1954 15 hBALLOON CONTROL INSTRUMENTS (Winzen)Masselyn, Ohio, US
1/21/1954 3 hSKY BRIGHTNESS MEASUREMENTS17 miles S of Artesia, New Mexico, US
1/22/1954 3 h 30 mPARACHUTE TEST GONDOLA15 miles ENE of Roswell, New Mexico, US
1/27/1954 2 h 40 mSKY BRIGHTNESS MEASUREMENTS15 miles NNW of Artesia, New Mexico, US
1/28/1954 3 h 45 mDUMMY LOAD (CYLINDER)18 miles S of Carlsbad, New Mexico, US
2/2/1954 1 hRED BAG + RADAR TARGETSNear Mule Peak, New Mexico, US
2/3/1954 7 h 25 mCYLINDER SAMPLER16 miles S of Dunken, New Mexico, US
2/5/1954 2 h 35 mMOBY DICK BOX8 miles S of Escondida, New Mexico, US
2/10/1954 8 h 30 mCYLINDER SAMPLER5 miles NE of Fluvanna, Texas, US
2/11/1954 2 h 30 mLAUNCH AND PARACHUTE TESTNear Artesia, New Mexico, US
2/23/1954 24 hN.Y.U. CANISTER10 miles SW of Eldorado, New Mexico, US
3/3/1954 9 hCYLINDER SAMPLERIn Twin Buttes, New Mexico, US
3/5/1954 12 hBALLOON CONTROL BOX + CAMERA8 miles NW of Kermit, Texas, US
3/12/1954 27 h 45 mN.Y.U. CANISTER20 miles E of Paris, Texas, US
3/16/1954 38 hCYLINDER SAMPLERIn Portugal
3/18/1954 2 h 30 mPROJECT STOVE PIPE--- No Data ---
3/26/1954 8 h 30 mCYLINDER SAMPLER8 miles E of Memphis, Texas, US
4/1/1954 8 h 40 mCYLINDER SAMPLER2 miles NE of Gould, Oklahoma, US
4/6/1954 8 h 25 mCYLINDER SAMPLER18 miles ESE of Jal, New Mexico, US
4/6/1954 2 h 30 mPROJECT STOVE PIPE--- No Data ---
4/15/1954 8 h 25 mCYLINDER SAMPLER18 miles ENE of Artesia, New Mexico, US
4/19/1954 3 hBALLOON CONTROL BOX + CAMERA + REEL + ANTENNA20 miles N of Dunken, New Mexico, US
4/22/1954 8 h 10 mCYLINDER SAMPLER20 miles E of Roswell, New Mexico, US
4/27/1954 8 h 10 mCYLINDER SAMPLER15 miles SE of Salt Flats, New Mexico, US
4/27/1954 12 hBALLOON CONTROL BOX8 miles NW of Kermit, Texas, US
4/30/1954 6 h 45 mCYLINDER (Aberdeen Proving Ground)40 miles NNE of Roswell, New Mexico, US
5/3/1954 8 h 30 mCYLINDER SAMPLER4 miles SW of Escondida, New Mexico, US
5/7/1954 2 h 45 mSOLAR CONSTANT MEASUREMENTS20 miles S of Pinon, New Mexico, US
5/11/1954 30 hCYLINDER (Aberdeen Proving Ground)--- No Data ---
5/12/1954 8 h 10 mCYLINDER SAMPLER15 miles NE of Organ, New Mexico, US
5/12/1954 3 h 30 mSOLAR CONSTANT MEASUREMENTSBalloon failure during float. Impact 17 miles SE of Oro Grande, New Mexico, US
5/20/1954 3 h 40 mSOLAR CONSTANT MEASUREMENTS14 miles SSE of Skillet Knob, New Mexico, US
5/24/1954 20 mCYLINDER SAMPLER4 miles of Launch Area, New Mexico, US
5/25/1954 9 h 15 mCYLINDER SAMPLER25 miles NW of Salinas Peak, New Mexico, US
5/27/1954 4 hDUMMY LOAD (CYLINDER)12 miles ENE of Carlsbad, New Mexico, US
5/28/1954 8 h 25 mCYLINDER SAMPLER4 miles SE of Wood, New Mexico, US
6/1/1954 1 h 30 mPROJECT STOVE PIPE--- No Data ---
6/2/1954 8 hCYLINDER SAMPLER40 miles WNW from Holloman AFB, New Mexico, US
6/8/1954 8 h 25 mCYLINDER SAMPLER40 miles NW of Truth or Consequences, New Mexico, US
6/11/1954 ---PROJECT STOVE PIPE--- No Data ---
6/14/1954 7 h 20 mCYLINDER SAMPLER10 miles SE of Ruidoso, New Mexico, US
6/17/1954 30 mSKY BRIGHTNESS MEASUREMENTS10 miles N of the Holloman AFB, New Mexico, US,
6/18/1954 36 hSKY BRIGHTNESS MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
6/18/1954 ---SUN SEEKER--- No Data ---
6/22/1954 8 h 15 mCYLINDER SAMPLERNear Coolidge Dam, Arizona, US
6/22/1954 ---SKY BRIGHTNESS MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
6/23/1954 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMYInsufficient lift of the balloon. Impact in windscreen area, Holloman AFB, New Mexico, US
6/28/1954 3 h 55 mANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMYIn Mayhill, New Mexico, US
6/29/1954 8 h 25 mCYLINDER SAMPLER23 miles N of Solomon, Arizona, US
6/30/1954 3 hANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMY10 miles SSW of the Holloman AFB, New Mexico, US,
7/7/1954 8 h 25 mCYLINDER SAMPLER6 miles E of Tombstone, Arizona, US
7/13/1954 20 mPARACHUTE TEST GONDOLA2 miles N of windscreen area, Holloman AFB, New Mexico, US
7/14/1954 2 h 15 mANIMAL AEROMEDICAL CAPSULE8 miles NNW of Hatch, New Mexico, US
7/15/1954 1 h 15 mCYLINDER SAMPLER--- No Data ---
7/23/1954 2 h 20 mCARBON DIOXIDE MEASUREMENTS10 miles NNW of Truth or Consequences, New Mexico, US
7/27/1954 1 h 20 mPARACHUTE TEST GONDOLABalloon burst at 50.300 ft. Impact 15 miles WNW of Holloman AFB, New Mexico, US
7/28/1954 2 h 30 mCARBON DIOXIDE MEASUREMENTS2 miles N of Nutt, New Mexico, US
7/30/1954 3 h 20 mCARBON DIOXIDE MEASUREMENTS5 miles E of Arrey, New Mexico, US
8/5/1954 15 mCARBON DIOXIDE MEASUREMENTSBalloon failure at launch. Impact in windscreen area, Holloman AFB, New Mexico, US
8/9/1954 2 h 25 mCARBON DIOXIDE MEASUREMENTS23 miles NW of Holloman AFB, New Mexico, US
8/17/1954 20 mPARACHUTE TEST GONDOLANear windscreen area, Holloman AFB, New Mexico, US
9/2/1954 2 h 55 mDUMMY ANIMAL GONDOLA8 miles S of Truth or Consequences, New Mexico, US
9/9/1954 4 h 20 mSOLAR CONSTANT MEASUREMENTS6 miles WNW of Hatch, New Mexico, US
9/16/1954 2 h 25 mSOLAR CONSTANT MEASUREMENTS3 miles SE of Dunken, New Mexico, US
9/17/1954 ---SOLAR CONSTANT MEASUREMENTSLaunch failure in turbulance at base of inversion
9/21/1954 8 h 15 mRADAR TRANSPONDER + COSMIC RAY PLATES5 miles SSE of Hurley, New Mexico, US
9/22/1954 4 h 30 mSOLAR CONSTANT MEASUREMENTSElephant Butte Dam, New Mexico, US
9/23/1954 5 h 10 mSOLAR CONSTANT MEASUREMENTS10 miles NW of Truth or Consequences, New Mexico, US
9/28/1954 6 hSOLAR CONSTANT MEASUREMENTS3 miles E of Bent, New Mexico, US
10/12/1954 27 hANIMAL CAPSULE + EMULSION PLATES20 miles WSW of Roswell, New Mexico, US
10/25/1954 ---NO DATA--- No Data ---
12/1/1954 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMYIn the Holloman base
12/2/1954 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMY12 miles S of Artesia, New Mexico, US,
12/6/1954 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMYnear Twin Buttes, New Mexico, US
12/9/1954 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMY3 miles W of Twin Buttes, New Mexico, US
1/27/1955 ---NO DATA--- No Data ---
2/23/1955 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMY28 miles E of Roswell, New Mexico, US
3/1/1955 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMY25 miles S of Caprock, New Mexico, US
3/3/1955 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMY25 miles E/NE of Caprock, New Mexico, US
6/15/1955 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMY5 miles NE of Dunkin, New Mexico, US
6/23/1955 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMY35 miles SW of Holloman AFB, New Mexico, US
6/29/1955 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMYIn the White Sands Missile Range, 25 miles W of Three Rivers, New Mexico, US
7/7/1955 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMYIn the White Sands Missile Range, 13 miles W of Tularosa Peak, New Mexico, US
7/15/1955 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMY15 miles NE of Hatch, New Mexico, US, US
8/26/1955 ---First use of balloon target in missile testing at Holloman AFB.--- No Data ---
11/17/1955 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMY8 miles NE of Roswell, New Mexico, US
11/21/1955 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMYIn the Holloman base
11/29/195521:30 CST---ANIMAL CAPSULENo Flight. Failure of the launch system.
1/25/1956 ?ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMYIn the Holloman base
2/8/1956 ?ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMY20 miles south of Roswell, New Mexico, US
2/11/19569:45 CST30 hANIMAL CAPSULE5 Miles NE of Arkadelphia, Arkansas, US
2/21/1956 ?ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMY20 miles E of Dunkin, New Mexico, US
2/21/1956 ?ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMYIn the Holloman base
4/10/19566:58 CST3 h 50 mCAPSULE15 Miles S of Hope, New Mexico, US
5/18/1956 ?ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMY--- No Data ---
5/22/1956 ?ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMY--- No Data ---
8/21/1956 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMYIn the Holloman base
5/16/1957 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMYIn White Sands Proving Ground, New Mexico, US
5/29/1957 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMY25 miles NW os Las Cruces, New Mexico, US
6/4/1957 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMY11 miles N of Las Cruces, New Mexico, US, US
6/6/1957 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMY17 miles S of the Holloman Base, New Mexico, US, US
6/7/1957 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMYinside the Holloman Base - New Mexico
6/11/1957 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMYW of San Agustin Pass - New Mexico
6/13/1957 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMYinside the Holloman Base - New Mexico
9/25/1957 ---AIRGLOW STUDY BY CREATING A SODIUM CLOUD--- No Data ---
1/29/1958 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMY20 miles S of Alamogordo, New Mexico, US, US
10/7/1958 ---MANHIGH III - (McClure) - Failed FlightBalloon destroyed during inflation
10/8/19586:25 local~ 12 hMANHIGH III - (McClure)Near Holloman AFB, New Mexico, US, USA
1/9/1959 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMYinside the White Sands Proving Ground, New Mexico, US
1/14/1959 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMY30 miles E/SE of Roswell, New Mexico, US
1/14/1959 ------No Data------ No Data ---
1/30/1959 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMYinside the White Sands Proving Ground, New Mexico, US
1/30/1959 ------No Data------ No Data ---
2/4/1959 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMY1 Mile N of Bent, New Mexico, US, US
2/6/1959 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMY--- No Data ---
2/10/1959 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMYinside the White Sands Proving Ground, New Mexico, US
2/11/1959 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMY--- No Data ---
2/12/1959 ------No Data------ No Data ---
2/14/1959 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMY30 miles W of Holloman, New Mexico, US
2/16/1959 ---ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMYinside the Mesacalero Apache Reservation - New Mexico
2/19/1959 ------No Data------ No Data ---
2/27/1959 ------No Data---Balloon leaker on ground
3/6/1959 ------No Data------ No Data ---
3/6/1959 ------No Data------ No Data ---
3/12/1959 ------No Data---Error in inflation
3/13/1959 ------No Data------ No Data ---
3/17/1959 ------No Data------ No Data ---
3/24/1959 ------No Data------ No Data ---
4/1/1959 ------No Data------ No Data ---
4/2/1959 ------No Data------ No Data ---
4/29/1959 ------No Data---Balloon burst at 55.000 ft
5/5/1959 ------No Data------ No Data ---
5/6/1959 ------No Data---Balloon leaker. Max. Altitude 82.000 ft
5/8/1959 ------No Data------ No Data ---
5/21/19592:41 local4 hMANHIGH - MANNED TEST10 miles NW of Roswell, New Mexico, US, US
6/8/1959 ------No Data---Balloon leaker. Attained 35.000 ft only.
6/10/1959 ------No Data------ No Data ---
6/17/1959 ------No Data------ No Data ---
6/24/1959 ------No Data---Balloon leaker. Max. Altitude 20.000 ft
6/26/1959 ------No Data------ No Data ---
6/29/1959 ------No Data---Balloon burst at 45.000 ft
7/7/1959 ------No Data------ No Data ---
7/10/1959 ------No Data------ No Data ---
7/17/1959 ------No Data------ No Data ---
8/4/1959 ------No Data------ No Data ---
8/13/1959 ------No Data---Balloon burst at 42.000 ft
8/19/1959 ------No Data------ No Data ---
8/21/1959 ------No Data------ No Data ---
8/24/1959 ------No Data------ No Data ---
8/26/1959 ------No Data------ No Data ---
9/22/1959 ------No Data---Balloon burst at 116.000 ft
9/25/1959 ------No Data---Balloon leaker
10/6/1959 ------No Data---Balloon burst at 42.000 ft
10/8/1959 ------No Data------ No Data ---
10/16/1959 ------No Data------ No Data ---
10/23/1959 ---BALLOON TEST--- No Data ---
11/16/1959 ---EXCELSIOR I (Kittinger)--- No Data ---
12/3/1959 ------No Data------ No Data ---
12/11/1959 ---EXCELSIOR II (Kittinger)--- No Data ---
1/8/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
1/20/1960 ---MANNED FLIGHT--- No Data ---
1/22/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
1/30/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
2/19/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
3/3/1960 ---PROJECT STARGAZER TESTBalloon burst at 30.000 ft
3/8/1960 ------No Data---Balloon burst at 55.000 ft
3/9/1960 ---PROJECT STARGAZER TESTBalloon burst at 56.600 ft
3/22/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
4/1/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
4/5/1960 ---DISCOVERER NOSECONE--- No Data ---
4/8/1960 ---DISCOVERER NOSECONEIn the White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico, US
4/13/1960 ------No Data---Balloon Failure
4/15/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
4/18/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
4/23/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
4/26/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
5/3/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
5/6/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
5/6/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
5/10/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
5/12/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
5/13/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
5/21/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
5/24/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
5/28/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
6/3/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
6/8/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
6/19/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
6/19/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
6/22/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
6/23/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
6/25/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
6/25/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
6/29/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
7/21/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
7/22/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
7/26/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
8/2/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
8/4/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
8/4/1960 ------No Data---Balloon burst at 31.000 ft
8/16/19605:29 local---EXCELSIOR III (Kittinger)In a predetermined zone of the White Sands Missile Range W of launch site.
8/29/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
8/30/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
9/8/1960 ------No Data---Balloon leaker
9/9/1960 ------No Data---Balloon failure
9/13/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
9/16/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
9/21/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
9/22/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
9/22/1960 ------No Data---Balloon failure
9/27/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
9/29/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
10/5/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
10/12/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
10/19/1960 ------No Data---Load tapes failure during launch
10/21/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
10/28/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
11/2/1960 ------No Data---Inflation error
11/3/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
12/15/1960 ------No Data------ No Data ---
12/16/1960 ------No Data---Overinflated
2/2/1961 ------No Data---Balloon burst at 32.700 ft
2/7/1961 ------No Data------ No Data ---
2/10/1961 ------No Data------ No Data ---
2/28/1961 ------No Data------ No Data ---
3/1/1961 ------No Data------ No Data ---
3/2/1961 ------No Data------ No Data ---
3/8/1961 ------No Data------ No Data ---
3/14/1961 2 h---No Data------ No Data ---
3/21/1961 2 h---No Data------ No Data ---
4/4/1961 ------No Data---Balloon broke on release
4/12/1961 2 h---No Data------ No Data ---
4/14/1961 ---PROJECT STARGAZER TESTBalloon burst at 45.000 ft
4/19/1961 ------No Data---Balloon burst at 82.000 ft
5/10/1961 ------No Data---Balloon burst at 54.500 ft
5/17/1961 ------No Data---Balloon burst at 64.000 ft
6/6/1961 ------No Data------ No Data ---
6/16/1961 ---PROJECT STARGAZER TESTBalloon burst at 41.000 ft
6/28/19618:10 local1 h 40 mCREE MISSILE (Ballute Test)--- No Data ---
7/6/19617:20 local---CREE MISSILE (Ballute Test)The payload was prematurely released after launch
7/10/1961 ------No Data------ No Data ---
7/10/1961 ------No Data------ No Data ---
7/20/19615:40 local2 h 5 mCREE MISSILE (Ballute Test)--- No Data ---
7/26/1961 F 8 h 50 mGAMMA RAY DETECTOR--- No Data ---
8/10/1961 ------No Data------ No Data ---
8/10/1961 10 h---No Data------ No Data ---
8/31/19617:47 local2 h 30 mCREE MISSILE (Ballute Test)--- No Data ---
9/9/1961 ------No Data------ No Data ---
10/6/1961 ------No Data------ No Data ---
1/29/19627:33 mst---INFRARED RADIOMETER--- No Data ---
3/21/19628:30 mst---INFRARED RADIOMETER--- No Data ---
4/5/19623:49 mst---EARTH INFRARED ATMOSPHERIC STUDIES--- No Data ---
4/9/1962 ---INFRARED RADIOMETER--- No Data ---
4/19/19625:44 mst---INFRARED RADIOMETER--- No Data ---
4/25/1962 F 7 hGAMMA RAY DETECTOR--- No Data ---
5/17/19627:31 mst---SUN PHOTOMETERS10 miles SW of Santa Rosa, New Mexico, US
5/17/19628:18 mst---SUN PHOTOMETERS10 miles SW of Santa Rosa, New Mexico, US
5/23/19626:00 mst---INFRARED RADIOMETER--- No Data ---
8/28/19628:47 mst---INFRARED RADIOMETER--- No Data ---
9/28/1962 F 7 h 10 mGAMMA RAY DETECTOR--- No Data ---
10/4/1962 F 15 h 20 mGAMMA RAY DETECTOR--- No Data ---
10/20/1962 36 hSKYTOP PROJECT--- No Data ---
10/23/19627:17 mst---INFRARED RADIOMETER--- No Data ---
10/29/19628:02 mst---INFRARED RADIOMETER--- No Data ---
10/30/1962 36 hPROJECT STARGAZER - TEST FLIGHT--- No Data ---
12/13/196211:30 local18 h 30 mSTARGAZER (Kittinger - White)Near Lordsburg, New Mexico, US, USA
12/16/1962 8 hVENUS SPECTRUM STUDIES IN TNE NEAR INFRARED--- No Data ---
1/9/1963 8 hVENUS SPECTRUM STUDIES IN TNE NEAR INFRARED--- No Data ---
1/17/19639:12 MST5 hOBSERVATION OF THE INFRARED SOLAR SPECTRALake of the Ozarks, Missouri, US
2/4/1963 8 hVENUS SPECTRUM STUDIES IN TNE NEAR INFRARED--- No Data ---
2/14/1963 8 hVENUS SPECTRUM STUDIES IN TNE NEAR INFRARED--- No Data ---
3/14/19637:31 mst---INFRARED RADIOMETER--- No Data ---
3/20/19637:15 mst---INFRARED RADIOMETER--- No Data ---
4/20/1963 ---STARGAZER II (Kittinger - White)Aborted flight. Balloon separated from gondola prematurely before launch. Landed near Roswell, New Mexico, US
5/3/19636:25 MST5 hOBSERVATION OF THE INFRARED SOLAR SPECTRA--- No Data ---
5/4/1963 7 h 45 mVENUS SPECTRUM AND ALBEDO STUDIES IN TNE NEAR INFRARED--- No Data ---
5/11/1963 12 hVENUS SPECTRUM AND ALBEDO STUDIES IN TNE NEAR INFRARED--- No Data ---
5/28/19636:12 MST~5 hOBSERVATION OF THE INFRARED SOLAR SPECTRA--- No Data ---
6/20/1963 33 hTEMPERATURE GRADIENTS MEASUREMENTS INSIDE PAYLOAD--- No Data ---
7/18/1963 100 hBALLOON PERFORMANCE TEST--- No Data ---
7/19/1963 7 h 45 mENVIRONMENTAL TEST OF COSMIC RAY DETECTOR TO BE PLACED IN A SATELLITE--- No Data ---
8/6/1963 8 hMEASUREMENT OF HEAVY NEUTRONS--- No Data ---
9/13/1963 ~4 hWATER VAPOUR MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
9/20/1963 7 h 30 mWATER VAPOUR MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
9/24/1963 3 h 30 mWATER VAPOUR MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
9/27/1963 1 hRECOVERY SYSTEM TEST--- No Data ---
10/1/1963 3 h 30 mREENTRY SYSTEM TEST--- No Data ---
10/3/1963 ~7 hWATER VAPOUR MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
10/8/1963 28 hCOSMIC RAY STUDIES--- No Data ---
10/11/1963 9 h 30 mCOSMIC RAY STUDIES--- No Data ---
10/15/1963 28 hCOSMIC RAY STUDIES--- No Data ---
11/8/1963 5 hCALIBRATION OF EARTH OXIGEN RADIATION PROFILE--- No Data ---
2/21/1964 ---TELESCOPE-SPECTROMETER--- No Data ---
2/22/1964 6 h 30 mVENUS SPECTRUM AND ALBEDO STUDIES IN TNE NEAR INFRARED--- No Data ---
2/26/1964 6 hBALLOON DYNAMICS TEST--- No Data ---
3/11/1964 6 hMEASUREMENT OF ENERGETIC NEUTRONS--- No Data ---
3/26/1964 4 hWATER VAPOUR MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
3/27/1964 27 hINFRARED OBSERVATIONS OF THE MOON--- No Data ---
4/24/1964 5 hTEST OF NEW SCRIM BALLOON AND QUICK DEFLATE DUCTS--- No Data ---
5/14/19645:47 mst5 hINFRARED STUDIES--- No Data ---
5/19/1964 28 hMEASUREMENT OF HEAVY NEUTRONS--- No Data ---
5/21/1964 4 hTEST OF INSTRUMENTATION AND BALLAST SYSTEM--- No Data ---
6/2/1964 28 hMEASUREMENT OF ENERGETIC NEUTRONS--- No Data ---
6/30/1964 9 hCOSMIC RAY STUDIES--- No Data ---
7/16/1964 4 hTEST OF TANDEM BALLOON AND LAUNCH SYSTEM--- No Data ---
8/11/1964 3 hBALLOON BOUNDARY LAYER TEMPERATURE STUDY--- No Data ---
8/14/1964 28 hOBTAIN SUNRISE AND SUNSET THERMAL PACK DATA--- No Data ---
8/18/1964 30 hOBTAIN SUNRISE AND SUNSET THERMAL PACK DATA--- No Data ---
8/20/1964 3 hOBTAIN DIGITAL AND OPTICAL RADAR DATA AT PARACHUTE OPENING--- No Data ---
8/26/1964 4 hUV SPECTRA STUDIES--- No Data ---
9/30/1964 7 hAPRE (Aerospace Photographic Reconnaissance Experiment)--- No Data ---
10/28/1964 7 h 30 mVENUS SPECTRUM STUDIES IN TNE NEAR INFRARED--- No Data ---
10/30/1964 5 hBALLOON EVALUATION--- No Data ---
11/7/1964 38 hATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
11/12/1964 5 hCONTAMINATION STUDY + FROST POINT HYGROMETER--- No Data ---
11/18/1964 5 h'C' LAUNCH TECHNIQUE TEST--- No Data ---
12/9/19648:47 mst4 hINFRARED BACKGROUND MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
1/14/1965 5 hFROST POINT HYGROMETER--- No Data ---
1/22/1965 3 hBALLOON TESTBalloon burst at 61.000 ft
1/29/1965 6 hBALLOON TEST--- No Data ---
2/5/1965 6 hCOSMIC RAY STUDIES--- No Data ---
2/18/1965 9 hCOSMIC RAY STUDIES--- No Data ---
3/20/1965 ---ASTROPHYSICS EXPERIMENT--- No Data ---
3/31/1965 5 hINFRARED SPECTRA MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
4/3/1965 22 hALPHA-RADIATION HYGROMETER - HORIZONTAL FLIGHT TEST--- No Data ---
4/8/1965 5 hTEST OF CAPPED BALLOON--- No Data ---
5/14/1965 6 h 30 mAPRE (Aerospace Photographic Reconnaissance Experiment)--- No Data ---
5/21/1965 6 h 30 mTEST FLIGHT OF VITRO CORP. BALLOON RECOVERY SYSTEM--- No Data ---
5/26/1965 6 hBALLOON AND FLIGHT INSTRUMENTATION TEST--- No Data ---
5/28/1965 7 hBALLOON AND FLIGHT INSTRUMENTATION TEST--- No Data ---
6/14/1965 8 hWATER VAPOUR CONTAMINATION FROM BALLOON ENVELOPE STUDY--- No Data ---
6/21/1965 6 hSTRATOSPHERIC HUMIDITY MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
6/23/1965 4 hAPRE (Aerospace Photographic Reconnaissance Experiment)--- No Data ---
7/1/1965 10 hATMOSPHERIC OPTICS--- No Data ---
7/21/1965 2 hX-RAY DENSITOMETER--- No Data ---
8/10/1965 5 hINFRARED SPECTRA MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
8/12/1965 12 hSKYTOP PROJECT - INFRARED MAPPING OF THE MOON--- No Data ---
8/27/1965 3 h 30 mTEST OF VITRO RECOVERY SYSTEM--- No Data ---
8/30/1965 3 h 30 mTEST OF X-124 BALLOON FILM--- No Data ---
9/1/1965 5 h 30 mAPRE (Aerospace Photographic Reconnaissance Experiment)--- No Data ---
9/10/1965 10 hINFRARED MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
9/21/1965 11 hTEST OF STRATOFILM BALLOON--- No Data ---
10/13/1965 12 hTEST OF STRATOFILM BALLOON--- No Data ---
10/20/1965 7 hBALLOON SYSTEM TEST--- No Data ---
11/16/1965 3 hUHF RELAY TEST--- No Data ---
11/30/1965 4 h 50 mUHF RELAY TEST--- No Data ---
12/6/1965 11 h 50 mCOSMIC RAY AND X-RAY SAMPLING--- No Data ---
12/7/1965 1 h 30 mUHF RELAY TESTBalloon burst at tropopause
1/11/1966 1 hCOSMIC RAY AND X-RAY SAMPLINGBalloon failure
1/12/1966 10 h 20 mCOSMIC RAY AND X-RAY SAMPLING--- No Data ---
2/4/1966 11 h 30 mINFRARED MAPPING OF THE MOON--- No Data ---
4/18/1966 ---BALLOON TEST FLIGHT--- No Data ---
4/27/1966 ------No Data------ No Data ---
5/25/1966 ------No Data------ No Data ---
5/26/1966 ---PEPP (Planetary Entry Parachute Program) - TEST FLIGHT--- No Data ---
6/2/1966 ------No Data---Balloon failure
6/21/1966 6 hVOYAGER PATHFINDER BALLOON TEST--- No Data ---
6/22/1966 ---VOYAGER PROBE BALLOON TEST--- No Data ---
6/30/1966 3 hBALLOON DESTRUCT TAPE TEST--- No Data ---
7/6/1966 25 hSTUDY OF CAUSES OF BALLOON BURSTS AT TROPOPAUSE--- No Data ---
7/12/19664:52 MST7 h 30 mMEASUREMENTS OF NATURAL SKY RADIATION--- No Data ---
7/15/1966 2 h 30 mPARACHUTE AND BALLOON WIRE DESTRUCT TESTS--- No Data ---
7/18/1966 7 h 30 mPEPP (Planetary Entry Parachute Program)--- No Data ---
7/20/1966 1 hBALLOON DESTRUCT AND UHF RELAY TESTS--- No Data ---
8/8/1966 6 h 10 mALBEDO MEASUREMENTS + UHF RELAY TESTS--- No Data ---
8/15/1966 5 h 10 mREFLECTIVITY TEST OF ALUMINIUM FOIL RADAR TARGETS--- No Data ---
8/17/1966 4 h 5 mTEST OF RADAR REFLECTIVE MATERIALS--- No Data ---
8/26/1966 12 h 10 mX-RAY STUDY OF CRAB NEBULA AND OTHER SOURCES--- No Data ---
8/29/1966 3 h 25 mINFRARED MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
9/2/1966 11 h 30 mCOSMIC RAY STUDIES--- No Data ---
9/7/1966 13 h 15 mGAMMA RADIATION STUDIES--- No Data ---
9/21/1966 5 h 15 mINFRARED STUDIES OF ROCK FORMATIONS--- No Data ---
9/27/1966 1 h 25 mCOSMIC RADIATION MEASUREMENTSBalloon burst at 64.000 ft
10/19/1966 1 hINTERNAL BALLOON PICTURES OF RIP TAPE ACTION--- No Data ---
10/21/1966 2 hINTERNAL BALLOON PICTURES OF RIP TAPE ACTION--- No Data ---
10/25/1966 9 h 20 mMEASUREMENTS OF UV, BRIGHTNESS AND POLARIZATION OF SKYTelemetry link failed. No useful scientific data obtained
11/2/1966 4 hBALLOON RECOVERY SYSTEM TEST--- No Data ---
11/4/1966 2 hEVALUATION OF THREE LAUNCG METHODS--- No Data ---
11/10/1966 3 hRIP TAPE AND CAMERA SYSTEM TEST--- No Data ---
11/18/1966 13 h 30 mX RAY AND COSMIC RAY MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
11/28/1966 2 h 15 mBALLOON DESTRUCTION TEST--- No Data ---
11/29/1966 4 hTELLURIC ABSORPTION SPECTRUM STUDY--- No Data ---
11/30/1966 5 h 15 mTEST OF VOR BALLOON LOCATION SYSTEM--- No Data ---
12/8/1966 5 h 18 mEVALUATION OF REEL SYSTEM--- No Data ---
12/9/1966 7 h 45 mTEST AND EVALUATION OF VOR BALLOON LOCATION SYSTEM--- No Data ---
1/5/1967 1 h 45 mPHOTOGRAPHS OF PARACHUTE REACTION DURING VALVE-DOWN AND BALLOON BURST--- No Data ---
1/10/1967 2 h 25 mCALIBRATION OF BURST SWITCH--- No Data ---
2/14/1967 1 h 45 mBALLOON DYNAMICS TEST--- No Data ---
2/17/1967 55 mBALLOON FAILURE ANALYSIS--- No Data ---
3/25/19676:12 utc---LUNAR MAPPING--- No Data ---
4/7/196714:28 utc---ATMOSPHERIC OPTICS--- No Data ---
5/23/19675:24 UTC---LUNAR MAPPING--- No Data ---
5/27/196708:05 local----- No Data ----- No Data ---
6/1/196713:42 utc---INFRARED STUDIES--- No Data ---
6/22/19675:16 utc---LUNAR MAPPING--- No Data ---
6/22/196713:23 utc---SOLAR CONSTANT MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
6/26/196714:00 utc---INFRARED STUDIES--- No Data ---
7/11/196713:37 UTC---ATMOSPHERIC OPTICS--- No Data ---
8/22/1967 ---VOYAGER PROBE DROP TEST--- No Data ---
10/17/19672:04 utc---LUNAR MAPPING--- No Data ---
10/20/196712:11 utc---SOLAR CONSTANT MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
11/4/19677:55 UTC---LIGHT SCATTERING STUDY--- No Data ---
11/16/19674:34 utc---INFRARED LUNAR MAPPING--- No Data ---
11/30/1967 ---SOLAR RADIATION STUDY--- No Data ---
12/2/196717:32 utc---DROPSONDE STUDY--- No Data ---
12/2/196720:00 utc---SOLAR RADIATION STUDY--- No Data ---
12/7/1967 ---SOLAR RADIATION STUDY--- No Data ---
1/23/1968 ---PYRHELIOMETER--- No Data ---
1/29/1968 ---ATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
3/22/1968 ---ATMOSPHERIC TRANSMISSION MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
3/27/1968 ---ATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
4/19/1968 ---ATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENTSInstrument failure
4/24/1968 ---ATMOSPHERIC TRANSMISSION MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
4/26/1968 ---PYRHELIOMETER--- No Data ---
5/24/1968 8 hALBEDO & INFRARED ATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
5/28/19685:51 MDT4 h 10 m---No Data------ No Data ---
5/28/1968 ---ATMOSPHERIC OPTICS RESEARCH--- No Data ---
6/21/1968 10 mNEPHELOMETERDuring launch the automatic release mechanism was damaged, resulting in free-fall of the
payload shortly after launch.
6/25/1968 ---ATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
7/1/1968 ---ATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
8/12/1968 ---ATMOSPHERIC TRANSMISSION MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
10/8/1968 ---ATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
10/10/1968 ---ATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
2/25/1969 ---SPECTROMETER--- No Data ---
6/4/196920:25 mdt11 h 20 mGAMMA RAY DETECTOR--- No Data ---
9/22/1969 ---STRATCOM - II--- No Data ---
11/6/1969 3 hCRISP (Cosmic Ray Ionization Spectrograph Experiment)Balloon failure at 60.000 ft. Payload impact 34 miles NE of Roswell, balloon impact 58 miles E of Roswell, New Mexico, US
8/26/1970 ---CRISP (Cosmic Ray Ionization Spectrograph Experiment)Balloon failure at 48.000 ft.
11/11/1970 14 h 25 mCOSMIC RAY DETECTOR--- No Data ---
1/16/19712:23 mst---CRISP (Cosmic Ray Ionization Spectrograph Experiment)Balloon failure at 52.000 ft.
5/15/1971 ~ 3 dLAPE (Large Area Plastic Experiment)--- No Data ---
8/??/1971 ---BAPE II (Balloon Atmospheric Propagation Experiment)--- No Data ---
9/9/1971 ---BAPE II (Balloon Atmospheric Propagation Experiment)--- No Data ---
9/13/1971 ---BAPE II (Balloon Atmospheric Propagation Experiment)--- No Data ---
9/22/1971 ---BAPE II (Balloon Atmospheric Propagation Experiment)--- No Data ---
10/20/1971 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
1/6/1972 16 hINFRARED CELESTIAL BACKGROUND MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
1/18/1972 4 hOBSERVATION OF THE INFRARED SOLAR SPECTRA--- No Data ---
2/14/1972 14 hOBSERVATION OF VENUS AND MARS--- No Data ---
3/3/1972 5 hVIKING INSTRUMENTATION TEST--- No Data ---
3/9/1972 14 hPOWERED BALLOON EXPERIMENT--- No Data ---
4/4/1972 6 h 55 mASHCAN--- No Data ---
4/6/1972 6 hASHCAN--- No Data ---
4/7/1972 6 h 30 mASHCAN--- No Data ---
4/19/1972 3 hPARACHUTE TEST--- No Data ---
4/20/1972 5 h 30 mPOLLUTANT AND PARTICULATE DEBRIS COLLECTION--- No Data ---
5/9/1972 30 hATMOSPHERIC FREQUENCY PROPAGATION--- No Data ---
5/12/1972 2 hATMOSPHERIC FREQUENCY PROPAGATION--- No Data ---
5/23/1972 6 hINFRARED MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
6/7/1972 5 hSTRATOSPHERIC WIND PROFILE--- No Data ---
6/15/1972 6 hSTRATOSPHERIC WIND PROFILE--- No Data ---
6/19/1972 5 hSTRATOSPHERIC WIND PROFILE--- No Data ---
6/28/1972 4 hINFRARED ATMOSPHERIC EMISSION STUDY--- No Data ---
6/29/1972 5 hBALLOON PROFILE TEST--- No Data ---
9/11/1972 2 hPOWERED BALLOON COMPONENT TEST--- No Data ---
9/16/1972 6 hPOWERED BALLOON COMPONENT TEST--- No Data ---
9/18/1972 6 hSTRATCOM - III--- No Data ---
10/24/1972 7 h 25 m--- No Data ------ No Data ---
10/27/1972 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
11/3/1972 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
11/11/1972 2 h 25 mPOWERED BALLOON PROJECT--- No Data ---
12/12/1972 ---CHEMILUMINESCENT INSTRUMENT--- No Data ---
3/16/1973 ---CHEMILUMINESCENT INSTRUMENT--- No Data ---
4/11/1973 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
4/24/1973 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
6/22/1973 ---CHEMILUMINESCENT INSTRUMENT--- No Data ---
7/30/1973 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
8/22/1973 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
8/24/1973 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
8/28/1973 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
10/24/1973 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
11/6/1973 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
11/13/1973 ---CHEMILUMINESCENT INSTRUMENT--- No Data ---
4/12/1974 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
4/22/1974 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
5/22/1974 ---STRATCOM - V--- No Data ---
6/27/19747:15 mdt---OZONE MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
7/30/1974 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
10/25/1974 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
2/19/1975 ---RADIOMETER + SPECTROMETER + X-RAY DETECTOR--- No Data ---
4/9/1975 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
4/14/1975 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
4/15/1975 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
7/16/1975 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
7/20/1975 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
7/23/1975 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
9/24/1975 ---STRATCOM - VI--- No Data ---
10/9/1975V10 hGAMMA RAY TELESCOPE--- No Data ---
10/29/1975 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
11/5/1975 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
11/11/1975 ---ALBS (Air-Launched Balloon System)--- No Data ---
1/27/1976 ---CRYOGENIC SAMPLER--- No Data ---
2/12/1976 ---CRYOGENIC SAMPLER--- No Data ---
5/10/1976V20 hGAMMA RAY TELESCOPENear Rock Springs, Texas.
6/21/1976 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
6/23/1976 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
6/25/1976 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
8/21/1976 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
8/23/1976 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
8/25/1976 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
9/14/1976 ----- No Data ----- No Data ---
9/27/1976 ---STRATCOM - VII--- No Data ---
9/30/1976 ---EXPERIMENTAL COMMUNICATIONS--- No Data ---
11/4/1976 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
11/18/1976 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
1/13/1977 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
1/28/1977 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
4/18/1977 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
4/21/1977 ---UV SPECTROMETER--- No Data ---
5/6/1977 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
5/16/1977 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
5/19/1977 ---PIONNER VENUS PROBE PARACHUTE TESTOver the White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico, US
8/19/1977 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
8/26/1977 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
8/29/1977 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
9/28/197712:51 mst6 h 30 mSTRATCOM VIII-B--- No Data ---
9/29/19776:07 mst30 h 30 mSTRATCOM VIII-A--- No Data ---
10/14/1977 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
10/18/1977 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
10/20/1977 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
1/19/1978 ---ABLS (Air Balloon Launch System)--- No Data ---
4/6/1978 ---BAMM (Balloon Altitude Mosaic Measurements)Failed flight
4/12/1978 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
4/13/1978 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
4/15/1978 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
4/19/1978 ---UV SPECTROMETER--- No Data ---
7/18/1978 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
7/22/1978 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
7/25/1978 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
9/1/1978 ---ALBS (Air-Launched Balloon System)--- No Data ---
9/28/1978 ---BAMM (Balloon Altitude Mosaic Measurements)--- No Data ---
10/27/1978 ---MICHELSON INTERFEROMETER--- No Data ---
11/17/1978 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
11/18/1978 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
11/28/1978 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
2/9/1979 ---CHLORINE ATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
2/23/1979 ---SAMPLER CASSETTE--- No Data ---
4/6/1979 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
4/17/1979 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
4/21/1979 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
4/24/1979 ---SAMPLER CASSETTE--- No Data ---
5/29/1979 ---BAMM (Balloon Altitude Mosaic Measurements)--- No Data ---
7/17/1979 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
7/24/1979 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
7/26/1979 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
7/28/1979 ---SAMPLER CASSETTE + ATMOSPHERIC CONSTITUENTS--- No Data ---
8/21/1979 ---IR SOLAR SPECTRUM MEASUREMENTSBalloon failure. Desired altitude not reached
9/13/1979 ---SUN PHOTOMETERGondola destroyed
9/27/1979 ---SAMPLER CASSETTE + ATMOSPHERIC CONSTITUENTS--- No Data ---
10/3/1979 9 h 50 mSAMPLING INTERCOMPARISON FLIGHT--- No Data ---
10/8/1979 ---BAMM (Balloon Altitude Mosaic Measurements)--- No Data ---
10/10/1979 ---IR SOLAR SPECTRUM MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
10/16/1979 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
10/19/1979 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
11/6/1979 ---AERIAL RECOVERY TEST - MX8 PARACHUTE SYSTEM--- No Data ---
11/10/1979 ---AERIAL RECOVERY TEST - MX5 PARACHUTE SYSTEM--- No Data ---
1/16/1980 36 m---No Data------ No Data ---
2/10/1980 4 hSOLAR MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
4/4/1980 9 hASHCAN--- No Data ---
4/6/1980 4 h 25 m---No Data------ No Data ---
4/10/1980 9 h 50 mASHCAN--- No Data ---
4/14/1980 5 h 50 mASHCAN--- No Data ---
4/27/1980 9 h 10 m---No Data------ No Data ---
4/28/1980 7 h 10 mTRIWAS sampler--- No Data ---
5/1/1980 5 h 45 m---No Data------ No Data ---
5/1/1980 7 h 10 m---No Data------ No Data ---
5/27/1980 6 h 45 mAEROSOL SIZING SPECTROMETER--- No Data ---
6/13/1980 11 h 25 m---No Data------ No Data ---
6/23/1980 5 h 50 m---No Data------ No Data ---
7/23/1980 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
7/25/1980 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
7/29/1980 7 h 40 mASHCAN--- No Data ---
8/10/1980 12 h 10 m---No Data------ No Data ---
10/8/1980 5 h 45 mSCRIBE (Stratospheric cryogenic interferometer balloon experiment)--- No Data ---
10/9/1980 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
10/16/1980 2 h 20 mASHCANBalloon Failure - Low Float altitude
11/3/1980 ---CHLORINE ATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENTSBalloon burst
11/11/1980 ---CHLORINE ATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
11/12/1980 20 h---No Data------ No Data ---
3/9/1981 8 h 55 mPOSITIVE ION MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
3/19/1981 4 h 10 mSOLAR IR MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
3/23/1981 5 hSOLAR UV MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
4/1/1981 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
4/5/1981 5 h 40 mASHCAN--- No Data ---
4/9/1981 5 h 50 mSOLAR IRRADIANCE MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
4/22/1981 ---UV SPECTROMETER--- No Data ---
5/31/1981 ---DFS (Direct Flow Sampler)--- No Data ---
6/4/1981 8 hDFS (Direct Flow Sampler)--- No Data ---
6/25/1981 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
7/7/1981 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
7/13/1981 ---ASHCANBalloon failure during inflation
7/14/1981 ---ASHCANBalloon failure at launch
7/14/1981 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
10/7/1981 ---CHLORINE ATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENTSBalloon failure at launch
10/8/1981 ---CHLORINE ATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENTS--- No Data ---
10/27/1981 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
11/2/1981 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
4/6/1982 ---DFS (Direct Flow Sampler)--- No Data ---
5/7/1982 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
5/12/1982 ---ASHCAN--- No Data ---
1/23/1983 13 h 30 m---No Data------ No Data ---
2/18/1983 5 h---No Data------ No Data ---
4/20/1983 4 hUV SPECTROMETER--- No Data ---
5/28/1983 7 h---No Data------ No Data ---
9/17/1983 ---DUCKY IBalloon failure. Aborted flight
9/19/1983 ------No Data---Ground abort. No flight
10/11/19838:11 MDT7 h 20 mDUCKY IaLovington, New Mexico, US
10/23/1983 F 30 m---No Data------ No Data ---
11/7/1983 8 h 30 m---No Data------ No Data ---
4/5/1984 ---ATMOSPHERIC SAMPLERNear Lubbock, Texas, US
8/4/1984 ---GAMMA RAY INSTRUMENT30 miles SE of Phoenix, Arizona, US
4/30/1985 ---INFRARED SENSING PLATFORM - DENVER 1--- No Data ---
6/5/1985 ---BIMS (Balloon-borne Ion Mass Spectrometer)Failure of the balloon in flight
6/12/1985 F 7 hBIMS (Balloon-borne Ion Mass Spectrometer)--- No Data ---
10/5/1985 F 8 hBIMS (Balloon-borne Ion Mass Spectrometer)--- No Data ---
10/24/19858:24 MDT10 hDUCKY II17 miles ESE of Roswell VOR station, New Mexico, US
12/3/1985 ---ASTROFILM BALLOON FLIGHT TESTBalloon burst at 50.600 ft. Recovered at Timberon, New Mexico, US
12/12/1986 ---ASTROFILM E BALLOON FLIGHT TEST + ASHCANNorth of Carlsbad, New Mexico, US
1/14/19872:55 local---ASTROFILM LOW LIGHT LEVEL--- No Data ---
11/2/1988 ---PATHFINDER PROGRAM--- No Data ---
11/3/1988 ---PATHFINDER PROGRAM--- No Data ---
11/29/1988 ---PATHFINDER PROGRAM--- No Data ---
11/30/1988 ---PATHFINDER PROGRAM--- No Data ---
5/9/1989 ---ASHCAN + GAS (Get Away Special)Balloon burst after release. Ground abort
5/10/1989 ---ASHCAN + GAS (Get Away Special)5 miles N of Orogrande, New Mexico, US
5/23/1989 ---SCRIBE (Stratospheric Cryogenic Interferometer Balloon Experiment)S of Roswell, New Mexico, US
9/??/1989 8 hPATHFINDER--- No Data ---
9/??/1989 7 hPATHFINDER--- No Data ---
9/??/1989 3 h 30 mPATHFINDER--- No Data ---
9/22/1989 ---PATHFINDER PROGRAM--- No Data ---
9/23/1989 ---PATHFINDER PROGRAM--- No Data ---
9/24/1989 ---PATHFINDER PROGRAM--- No Data ---
9/26/1989 ---PATHFINDER PROGRAM--- No Data ---
9/29/1989 ---PATHFINDER PROGRAM--- No Data ---
9/30/198918:42 mdt18 hPATHFINDER--- No Data ---
9/30/1989 ---PATHFINDER PROGRAM--- No Data ---
9/30/1989 ---PATHFINDER PROGRAM--- No Data ---
5/23/1991 ---SCRIBE (Stratospheric Cryogenic Interferometer Balloon Experiment)--- No Data ---
5/21/19967:41 MDT2 hSUPER PRESSURE 5Sacramento Mountains, New Mexico, US
5/??/199807:00 MST5 hBALLOON TEST FLIGHT30 miles N of Roswell
2/24/199907:14 MST---TECHNOLOGICAL FLIGHTnear Loving, New Mexico, US
8/20/2000 ---INVESTIGATION OF UPPER ATMOSPHERIC TURBULENCEWhite Sands Missile Range, Nee Mexico, US
??/??/2001 ---HARBOR MIST (High Altitude RIT Balloon Operations Research Multispectral Imaging System Test)--- No Data ---
6/4/2008 ---HISENTINEL (Stratospheric Airship)--- No Data ---
11/15/2008 ---BALLOONWINDSGround abort