Description of the payload

This was a test flight of the SF slow descent balloon series intended for launch in the main 2004 HIBISCUS campaign. The aim of the flight was to investigate the ability of the balloon to sample TTL air during a slow descent after sunset.

The SF2003 balloon was carrying two instruments for halocarbon measurement: the DIRAC in situ GC (University of Cambridge) measuring CFC-11, CH3CCl3 and CCl4, and the DESCARTES grab sampler (also University of Cambridge) measuring a wider range of halocarbons including CHCl3.

Both halocarbon instruments performed well during the flight with DESCARTES collecting 15 samples and DIRAC taking around 50 airborne samples.

Measurements of cloud properties were made by a micro-lidar instrument from ENEA & ISAC-CNR (Italy) which performed well.

The balloon carried solid state ozone sensors (SSS-O3) and surface acoustic wave (H2O-SAW) sensors for water vapour measurement (University of Cambridge). A Vaisala radiosonde was also part of the payload and CNES GPS equipment provided balloon position data.

Details of the balloon flight and scientific outcome

 

Launch site: Meteorological Research Institute, Baurú, Sao Paulo, Brazil  
Balloon launched by: Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES) / GLB
Balloon manufacturer/size/composition: Open balloon model 3SF (heavy payload and short duration) 3.000 m3

The SF2003 balloon was launched from Bauru, Brazil (22.36 S, 49.02 W) at 20:32 UT (17:32 local time) on 19th February 2003.

The launch was 1.5 hours before sunset and the balloon reached float at 21.8 km altitude 20 minutes before sunset, it then descended slowly during the night at about 0.5 to 1 ms-1, heading in a SW direction towards Assis.

Cut down of the balloon was activated 2 hours and 20 minutes after reaching float by which time the balloon had descended to 18.8 km.

The cut down was made earlier than desired due to safety reasons (balloon drifting towards lake areas).

The payload landed about 30 km east of Assis, approximately 130 km from Bauru after a total flight time of 4 hours 34 minutes.

External references and bibliographical sources

Images of the mission

balloon inflation The 3SF payload before launch. On the center of the image the radar reflector. The 3SF balloon climbing.