Details of the balloon and launch operations
Launch site:Longyearbyen Airport, Svalbard, Norway
Launch team: ISTAR (International Science Technology And Research
Balloon: Open balloon (zero pressure) 3000 m3
Serial number: -
Flight identification number: PATH-1
Campaign: Arctic LDB Program Development 2003designed to prove concept for launching larger Long Duration Balloons (LDB) in the future from Svalbard Islands
Payload weight: 3 kg
Gondola weight: -
Overall weight: -
The first pathfinder balloon, called PATH-1, was launched on Sunday 15 June 2003 at 16:36 UT.
The launch was nominal and the balloon had a normal ascent up to peak altitude at 38.1 km.
However, the balloon did not stay at float altitude as expected and it slowly descended and landed in the Greenland Sea the next morning.
(extracted from the report of Kjell Bøen, Head of Operational Services)
Description of the payload or experiment
PATHFINDER - 1
Responsable institution: Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI) / ISTAR (International Science Technology And Research)
Principal Investigator: Antonio Leonardio / Steven Peterzen
The balloon carried a payload of approximately 3 kg composed of a ARGOS transponder with a GPS board and a Lithium battery pack.
The flight plan called for the balloon reach float altitude and circumnavigate the polar region between 78 and 80 deg. N. Throught the GPS/ARGOS payload the trajectory would be traced showing the stratospheric circulation pattern of stratospheric winds, and providing information about diurnal excursions, and potential termination/impact locations for the future LDB flights.
Performance in flight and data obtained
This flight returned no usefull information due to early termination.
External references and bibliographical sources
- ISTAR Group website of the group that managed the entire launch operation
- New infrastructure and extended scientific possibilities using the sounding rocket facilities at Andøya and Svalbard 17th ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon Programmes and Related Research, 30 May - 2 June 2005, Sandefjord, Norway
- PEGASO: long duration balloons from north pole XVIII Congresso Nazionale AIDAA
- Ultralight to heavy long duration balloon development from Svalbard, Norway 17th ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon Programmes and Related Research, 30 May - 2 June 2005, Sandefjord, Norway