Description of the payload
The High Energy X-ray Imaging Spectrometer (HEXIS) program is developing position sensitive Cadmium Zinc Telluride (CZT) X-Ray detectors for use in X-ray astronomy and mission concepts for both balloon and satellite based telescopes.
In a balloon based version of HEXIS, the scientific objectives are to study hot plasmas, non-thermal and accelerated particles, and nuclear and electromagnetic processes in the hard X-ray regime (20-200keV). These processes occur in astrophysical source regions characterized by compact objects, high magnetic fields, high gravitational potentials and general relativistic phenomena. Such sources are known to occur in X-ray pulsars, black hole candidates, active galactic nuclei (AGN) and regions emitting nucleosynthetic gamma rays. CZT detectors are capable of very fine position resolution, to detect this sources.
Details of the balloon flight
Balloon launched on: 10/15/1997 at 12:43 utc
Launch site: Scientific Flight Balloon Facility, Fort Sumner, (NM), US
Balloon launched by: National Scientific Balloon Facility (NSBF)
Balloon manufacturer/size/composition: Zero Pressure Balloon Raven 4.0 - 113.000 m3 - SF3-4.001-.8/.8-NA
Balloon serial number: R4.001-1-09
Flight identification number: 441N
End of flight (L for landing time, W for last contact, otherwise termination time): 10/15/1997 at 19:43 utc
Balloon flight duration (d:days / h:hours / m:minutes): 7 h 50 m
Landing site: W of Wichita Falls, Texas, US
Payload weight: 1212 lbs
As part of the program development, this was the first balloon flight carriying both a cross strip and a standard planar detector, of dimensions 12 mm x 12 mm x 2 mm, were flown in various passive shield configurations with their cathodes facing earthward.
These detectors, along with the HV bias supply were housed in an aluminum pressure vessel.
This series of balloon flights had significantly improved the understanding of the background properties of CZT, including background rejection techniques based on the physics of CZT detectors. Shielding effects are being extensively studied with this unique data set comprising seven different shielding configurations using the same two detectors and readout systems. These data will contribute great insight into optimal shielding for the next generation hard X-ray instruments.
- Background Studies of a Position Sensitive CdZnTe X-ray Detector at Balloon Altitudes 26th International Cosmic Ray Conference. August 17-25, 1999. Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
- Background Studies of a Position Sensitive CdZnTe X-ray Detector at Balloon Altitudes Proc. SPIE, 3765, pgs. 397-406, 1999.
- High altitude balloon flight of CdZnTe detectors for high energy X-ray astronomy Proc. SPIE, 3445, p. 169-183, 1998.
- Laboratory testing of the HEXIS hard x-ray imager balloon telescope Proc. SPIE 6266, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation II: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray, 626628 (June 13, 2006)
- NASA Balloon Flights (1989-1998) in NASA Historical Data Book, Vol. VII: NASA Launch Systems, Space Transportation, Human Spaceflight, and Space Science, 1989-1998
Images of the mission