Purpose of the flight and payload description
AROME was a balloon-borne astronomical instrument specifically designed for the detection of near infrared emission bands from extended sources of low surface brightness with an angular resolution of 0.5 degrees. The name of the experiment came from the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) that are present in the interstellar medium and are the origin of the 3.3 micron feature in diffuse galactic emission.
It was composed by two small ambient temperature Cassegrain telescopes of 15 cm diameter with cryogenic focussing optics and detectors, cooled at the liquid nitrogen temperature. At the flight level the nitrogen is solid at a temperature of 60 K, which is suitable for the InSb photodiodes. To avoid variations in the air mass, the elevation is kept constant. The sources are detected using a slow azimuthal scanning motion and oscillating secondary mirrors. No spectroscopy is performed, the emission band is detected by the simple comparison of the fluxes measured in a narrow and a wide photometric band, both centered on the feature's wavelength. These two bands are obtained by the splitting of each telescope's beam on an interference filter. The same set of photometric bands is obtained on the two telescopes.
The whole system, telescopes and dewar, is rotated around a vertical axis so that the field of view is scanning the sky at a constant elevation. Scans have an amplitude of 8º and a one degree per second rate. This rotation is controlled by a stepping motor and the angle is measured with a 13 bit encoder.
In the figure at left can be seen th gondola on which the receiver instrumentation subsystem, the electronics and the housekeeping (telemetry, remote command, etc) are installed. The in-flight gondola configuration has a total mass of 850 kg and a size of about 2.40 x 2.40 x 3.80 meters and counts with an azimuthal stabilization system.
Details of the balloon flight
Balloon launched on: 8/4/1987 at 18:40 utc
Launch site: Base di Lancio Luigi Broglio, Trapani, Sicily, Italy
Balloon launched by: Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI) / Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES)
Balloon manufacturer/size/composition: Zero Pressure Balloon Zodiac 400.000 m3
End of flight (L for landing time, W for last contact, otherwise termination time): 8/5/1987 at ??
Balloon flight duration (F: time at float only, otherwise total flight time in d:days / h:hours or m:minutes - ): ~ 19 h
Landing site: Near Sevilla, Spain
Campaign: ODISSEA 87
Payload weight: 1009 kgs
This was the first flight of the instrument. The galactic plane was observed from Sagittarius to Cygnus. The Orion region and several bright infrared stars, for the in-flight calibraibrations have also been observed.
Because of the failure of one detector, the data of only one telescope could be used for post-flight analysis. Along with the data obtained in the second flight performed over Australia in 1988, this program led to the first detection of the 3.3 micrometer feature in the spectrum of the diffuse galactic emission.
- Arome, a balloon-borne instrument for astronomical near-infrared spectrophotometry Experimental Astronomy 1991, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp 1-26
- First detection of the aromatic 3.3-micron feature in the diffuse emission of the Galactic disk Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol. 201, no. 1, July 1988, p. L1-L4
- French activity in infrared astronomy from stratospheric balloons Proc. SPIE 1341, Infrared Technology XVI, 183 (November 1, 1990)
- The Galactic emission in the 3.3-micron aromatic feature. I - Observations Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol. 215, no. 1, May 1989, p. 92-100.
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